ISSN 2040-8188

OPHI Working Papers

OPHI Working Papers series reflects the work in progress of the researchers of Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and others whose papers directly address OPHI research themes. The papers are peer reviewed by OPHI and associated researchers and seek to advance the empirical literature and/or methodological tools used to fight poverty in all its dimensions. The specific topics OPHI Working Papers focus at present are multidimensional measure and analysis (often interacting with the AF method). The papers are published online (with ISSN number), free of charge, and are archived in Oxford Research Archive (ORA) as a Green Open Access publications.

The papers are refereed and then endorsed for publication by a research officer and/or the director of OPHI.  They are ‘permanent’ and will not be revised in their current form. Where Working Papers have been published as journal articles, background papers or book chapters, the link to the final published version is given in the ‘published as’ column. See the Research in Progress series for preliminary documents under revision.

To submit your full paper as an OPHI Working Paper, please make sure it complies with OPHI research topics and send your paper to ophi@qeh.ox.ac.uk. We do not accept proposals. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are .doc, .docx, .rtf, .ppt, .xls.

Please cite these papers as: Author’s surname, Initial. (Year). “Title title title: Subtitle subtitle subtitle.” OPHI Working Paper XX, University of Oxford.

e.g. Alkire, S. (2007). “The missing dimensions of poverty data: An introduction.” OPHI Working Paper 00, University of Oxford.

OPHI Working Paper NumberTitleAuthorPublished asDownloadYear
112Multidimensional Poverty Reduction among Countries in Sub-Saharan AfricaSabina Alkire, Christoph Jindra, Gisela Robles-Aguilar, and Ana Vaz
2017
111Human Development, Inequality, and Poverty: Empirical FindingsSuman Seth and Antonio Villar
2017
110Measuring Human Development and Human DeprivationsSuman Seth and Antonio Villar
2017
109Transitions in Poverty and Deprivations: An Analysis of Multidimensional Poverty DynamicsNicolai Suppa
2017
108Measuring Malnutrition and Dietary Diversity: Theory and Evidence from IndiaChristian Oldiges
2017
107Measures of Human Development: Key Concepts and PropertiesSabina Alkire
2016
106Composite Indices, Alternative Weights, and Comparison RobustnessSuman Seth and Mark McGillivray
2016
105Growth and Poverty Revisited from a Multidimensional PerspectiveMaria Emma Santos, Carlos Dabus and Fernando Delbianco


2016
104Chad Multidimensional Deprivation and Vulnerability SurveyOxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
2016
103Comparing Monetary and Multidimensional Poverty in GermanyNicolai Suppa
2016
102From Multidimensional Poverty Measurement to Multisector Public Policy for Poverty Reduction: Lessons from the Colombian CaseRoberto Angulo
2016
101On the Relationship between Income Poverty and Multidimensional Poverty in ChinaXiaolin Wang, Hexia Feng, Qingjie Xia and Sabina Alkire
2016
100Dimensional and Distributional Contributions to Multidimensional PovertySabina Alkire and James Foster
2016
99Identifying Destitution through Linked Subsets of Multidimensionally Poor: An Ordinal ApproachSabina Alkire and Suman Seth
2016
98Towards a Multidimensional Poverty Index for GermanyNicolai Suppa
Also published online in Empirica (19 July 2017)2015
97Static and Dynamic Disparities between Monetary and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement: Evidence from VietnamVan Q. Tran, Sabina Alkire and Stephan Klasen
Also published in T.I. Garner and K.S. Short (eds.), Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility, pp. 249-281.2015
96Roma Poverty and Deprivation: The Need for Multidimensional Anti-Poverty MeasuresAndrey Ivanov, Sheena Keller, and Ursula Till-Tentschert
2015
95Gender and Spatial Disparity of Multidimensional Poverty in IranHosnieh Mahoozi
2015
94The Capability Approach and Well-Being Measurement for Public PolicySabina Alkire
Also published in M. D. Adler and M. Fleurbaey (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Well-Being and Public Policy, pp. ch. 212015
93Multidimensional Poverty in Sudan and South SudanPaola Ballon and Jean-Yves Duclos
2015
92Targeting Grenada’s Most Deprived Population: A Multidimensional Living Conditions AssessmentYadira Diaz, Francisco Alejandro Espinoza, Yvonni Markaki, Lina Maria Sanchez-Cespedes
2015
91Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 10 – Some Regression Models for AF MeasuresSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
90Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 9 – Distribution and DynamicsSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
89Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 8 – Robustness Analysis and Statistical InferenceSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
88Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 7 – Data and AnalysisSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
87Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 6 – Normative Choices in Measurement DesignSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
86Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 5 – The Alkire-Foster Counting MethodologySabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
85Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 4 – Counting Approaches: Definitions, Origins, and ImplementationsSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
84Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 3 – Overview of Methods for Multidimensional Poverty AssessmentSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
83Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 2 – The FrameworkSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152015
82Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 1 – IntroductionSabina Alkire, James E. Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, Jose M. Roche and Paola Ballon
Also published in "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis," Oxford University Press, 20152014
81Multidimensional Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: Levels and TrendsSabina Alkire and Bouba Housseini
Also published in M. Nissanke and M. Ndulo (eds.), Poverty Reduction in the Course of African Development, 2017, ch. 5.2014
80Social Isolation and its Relationship to Multidimensional PovertyKim Samuel, Sabina Alkire, John Hammock, China Mills and Diego Zavaleta
2014
79A Multidimensional Poverty Index for Latin America
(Errata and supplementary data available)
Maria Emma Santos, Pablo Villatoro, Xavier Mancero and Pascual Gerstenfeld
Also published in Income and Wealth, 2016 DOI: 10.1111/roiw.12275

2015
78Identifying the Poorest People and Groups: Strategies Using the Global Multidimensional Poverty IndexSabina Alkire, Jose Manuel Roche, Suman Seth and Andy Sumner
Journal of International Development 27 (2015), 362-3872014
77Did Poverty Reduction Reach the Poorest of the Poor? Assessment Methods in the Counting ApproachSuman Seth and Sabina Alkire
2014
76Changes Over Time in Multidimensional Poverty: Methodology and Results for 34 CountriesSabina Alkire, José Manuel Roche and Ana Vaz
World Development 94 (2017) 232-249.2015
75Measuring Chronic Multidimensional Poverty: A Counting ApproachSabina Alkire, Mauricio Apablaza, Satya R. Chakravarty and Gaston Yalonetzky
Journal of Policy Modeling (June 2017)2014
74Multidimensional Poverty in Europe 2006–2012: Illustrating a MethodologySabina Alkire and Mauricio Apablaza
2016
72Mobilising the Household Data Required to Progress toward the SDGsSabina Alkire and Emma Samman
Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) Briefing Paper, September 20142014
71Shame, Humiliation and Social Isolation: Missing Dimensions of Poverty and Suffering AnalysisChina Mills, Diego Zavaleta and Kim Samuel
R. E. Anderson (ed.) "World Suffering and the Quality of Life". New York: Springer, 2015, ch. 192014
70Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based ApproachAdolfo Morrone
2014
69Psychological Agency: Evidence from the Urban Fringe of BamakoElise Klein
World Development 64 (2014) 642-6532014
68Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting ApproachSuman Seth and Sabina Alkire
2014
67Social isolation: A conceptual and measurement proposalDiego Zavaleta, Kim Samuel, China Mills
Social Indicators Research, February 2016: 1-25, DOI 10.1007/s11205-016-1252-2. In Spanish: Conectividad social, (p97 of pdf file). CAF - Banco de Desarrollo de America Latina.2014
66Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way ForwardMaria Emma Santos
2014
65Multidimensional Targeting and Evaluation: A General Framework with an Application to a Poverty Program in BangladeshVirginia Robano and Stephen C. Smith
2014
64Gender Inequality in Multidimensional Welfare Deprivation in West Africa: The Case of Burkina Faso and Togo
(A version of this paper was published as a World Bank Policy Research Working Paper)
Akoété Ega Agbodji, Yélé Maweki Batana and Dénis Ouedraogo
World Bank Policy Research WP (WPS 6522), 20132013
63Human Recognition and Economic Development: An Introduction and Theoretical ModelTony Castleman
Oxford Development Studies, 22 January 2016, DOI: 10.1080/13600818.2015.11096152013
62A Counting Multidimensional Poverty Index in Public Policy Context: the case of ColombiaRoberto Carlos Angulo Salazar, Beatriz Yadira Díaz and Renata Pardo Pinzón
Social Indicators Research, April 20152013
61Where do the World's Multidimensionally Poor People Live?Sabina Alkire, José Manuel Roche and Andy Sumner
2013
60Multidimensional Poverty Reduction in India between 1999 and 2006: Where and How? Sabina Alkire and Suman Seth
World Development 72 (2015) 93-1082013
59Measuring Acute Poverty in the Developing World: Robustness and Scope of the Multidimensional Poverty Index
(supplementary data available)
Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos
World Development 59 (2014) 251-274

2013
58The Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index
(The document posted here is the final draft of the paper published in World Development)
Sabina Alkire, Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Amber Peterman, Agnes R. Quisumbing, Greg Seymour and Ana Vaz
World Development 52 (2013) 71-912013
57Monitoring Progress in Child Poverty Reduction: Methodological Insights and Illustration to the Case Study of Bangladesh José Manuel Roche
Social Indicators Research 12(2) (2013) 363-3902013
56Normative Choices and Tradeoffs when Measuring Poverty over TimeCatherine Porter and Natalie Naïri Quinn
2012
55A Robust Multidimensional Poverty Profile for UgandaSebastian Levine, James Muwonge and Yele Maweki Batana
Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 15(4), 2014, 369-3902012
54Identifying BPL Households: A Comparison of MethodsSabina Alkire and Suman Seth
Economic and Political Weekly (EPW) 48(2) 2013 2012
53Selecting a Targeting Method to Identify BPL Households in IndiaSabina Alkire and Suman Seth
Social Indicators Research 112(2) 2013, 417-4462012
52Measuring Chronic PovertyJames E. Foster and Maria Emma Santos
Poverty and Social Exclusion: New Methods of Analysis, (G. Betti and A. Lemmi eds.), Routledge 2013, ch. 82012
51On the Generalization and Decomposition of the Bonferroni IndexElena Bárcena-Martin and Jacques Silber
Social Choice and Welfare, 41 (2013) 763-787 2012
50Measurement Errors and Multidimensional PovertyCesar Calvo and Fernando Fernandez
2012
49On the Possibility of Measuring Freedom: A Kantian PerspectiveSebastian Silva-Leander
2011
48Revealed Meta-Preferences: Axiomatic Foundations of Normative Assessments in the Capability ApproachSebastian Silva-Leander
2011
47Multidimensional Poverty: Measurement, Estimation, and InferenceChristopher J. Bennett and Shabana Mitra
Econometric Reviews 32(1) (2013) 57-83 2011
46Multidimensional Poverty and its DiscontentsSabina Alkire
"Measure for Measure: How Well Do We Measure Development? Proceedings of the 8th AFD-EUDN Conference".2011
45Beyond Headcount: Measures that Reflect the Breadth and Components of Child PovertySabina Alkire and José Manuel Roche
A. Minujin and S. Nandy (eds.), Global Child Poverty and Well-Being: Measurement, Concepts, Policy and Action. Bristol: The Policy Press, 2012, pp. 103-1342011
44bConditions for the Most Robust Poverty Comparisons Using the Alkire-Foster Family of MeasuresGaston Yalonetzky
Social Choice Welfare 43(4): 773-807.
A more general version of the paper has been published as "Conditions for the Most Robust Poverty Comparisons Using Counting Measures and Ordinal Variables" in ECINEQ.
2011
43Understandings and Misunderstandings of Multidimensional Poverty MeasurementSabina Alkire and James Foster
Journal of Economic Inequality 9(2) 2011, 289-3142011
43bWhere Did Identification Go?Sabina Alkire, James Foster & Maria Emma Santos
Journal of Economic Inequality 9(3) 2011, 501-5052011
42Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What MattersPatrick Nussbaumer, Morgan Bazilian, Vijay Modi and Kandeh K. Yumkella
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16(1) 2012, 231-2432011
41Revisiting Informality: Evidence from Employment Characteristics and Job Satisfaction in ChileLea Cassar
2010
40A Report on Mexican Multidimensional Poverty MeasurementJames E. Foster
Medición Multidimensional de la Pobreza en México (Julio Boltvinik, et al., eds.), El Colegio de México.2010
39A Dissimilarity Index of Multidimensional Inequality of Opportunity (Revised and Updated)Gaston Yalonetzky
Journal of Economic Inequality 10(3) 2012, 343-3732010
38Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing CountriesSabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos
UNDP HDR Background Paper 2010/11 and
World Development 59: 251-274
2010
37Designing the Inequality-Adjusted Human Development Index (HDI)Sabina Alkire and James Foster
UNDP HDR Background Paper 2010/282010
36Human Development: Definitions, Critiques, and Related ConceptsSabina Alkire
UNDP HDRO Background Paper 20102010
35Freedom, Opportunity and WellbeingJames Foster
Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare, Volume 2 (K. Arrow, A. Sen, and K. Suzumura, eds.), North Holland.2010
34Notes on Effective FreedomJames Foster
2010
33Comparing Economic Mobility with Heterogeneity Indices: an Application to Education in PeruGaston Yalonetzky
2009
32Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement (Revised and Updated)Sabina Alkire, James E. Foster
Journal of Public Economics 95(7-8) 2011, 476-4872009
31Polarization and the Decline of the Middle Class: Canada and the USJames Foster, Michael C. Wolfson
Journal of Economic Inequality 8(2) 2010, 247-2732009
30Human Capital and the Quality of Education in a Poverty Trap ModelMaria Emma Santos
Oxford Development Studies 39(1) 2011, 25-472009
29An Axiomatic Approach to the Measurement of Corruption: Theory and ApplicationsJames Foster, Andrew W. Horowitz, Fabio Méndez
World Bank Economic Review 26(2) 2012, 217-2352009
28A Dissimilarity Index of Multidimensional Inequality of Opportunity Gaston Yalonetzky
Journal of Economic Inequality 10(3) 2012, 343-3732009
27A Class of Association Sensitive Multidimensional Welfare IndicesSuman Seth
Journal of Economic Inequality 11(2) 2013, 133-1622009
26Rank Robustness of Composite IndicesJames Foster, Mark McGillivray, Suman Seth
Econometric Reviews 32(1) 2013, pp. 35-562009
26bRank Robustness of Composite Indices: Dominance and AmbiguityJames E. Foster, Mark McGillivray and Suman Seth
2012
25Willingness-to-pay and the Equivalent ApproachMarc Fleurbaey
Revue d'économie politique 121(1) 2011, pp. 35-382008
24Deriving Weights for the Index of Multiple Deprivation Based on Societal Preferences: The Application of a Discrete Choice ExperimentVerity Watson, Matt Sutton, Chris Dibben, Mandy Ryan
2008
23Inequality, Interactions, and Human DevelopmentSuman Seth
Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 10(3) 2009 pp. 375-3962009
22Restricted and Unrestricted Hierarchy of WeightsLucio Esposito, Enrica Chiappero-Martinetti
Journal of Applied Economics 13(2), 2010, pp. 181-2042008
21Characterizing Weights in the Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty: An Application of Data-Driven Approaches to Cameroonian DataAloysius Mom Njong and Paul Ningaye
2008
20What Good is Happiness?Marc Fleurbaey, Erik Schokkaert, Koen Decancq
Core Discussion Paper 17, 2009, Université catholique de Louvain2008
18Setting Weights in Multidimensional Indices of Well-BeingKoen Decancq, Maria Ana Lugo
Econometric Reviews 32(1) 2013, 7-342008
17Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American CountriesDiego Battiston, Guillermo Cruces, Luis Felipe Lopez Calva, Maria Ana Lugo, Maria Emma Santos
Social Indicators Research 112(2) 2013, 291-3142009
15Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in India: A New ProposalSabina Alkire, Suman Seth
A later version of this paper is published as an OPHI Working Paper 53 (see above), and in Social Indicators Research 2013, 122(2): 417-446.2008
14Multidimensional Poverty in Bhutan: Estimates and Policy ImplicationsMaria Emma Santos, Karma Ura
Journal of Bhutan Studies 18, 2008, 1-502008
13Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty in Sub-Saharan AfricaYele Batana
Social Indicators Research 112(2) 2013, 337-3622008
11Development: "a misconceived theory can kill."Sabina Alkire
Amartya Sen: Contemporary Philosophy in Focus, Cambridge University Press. 2010, pp. 191-220.2008
10Multidimensional Poverty Measures from an Information Theory PerspectiveMaría Ana Lugo and Esfandiar Maasoumi
In "Quantitative Approaches to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement", Kakwani and Silber (eds.), Palgrave Macmillan, 20082008
09Concepts and Measures of AgencySabina Alkire
Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Oxford University Press. 2008.2008
08External CapabilitiesJames Foster, Christopher Handy
Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Oxford University Press. 2008.2008
7.5Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement (Short Version)Sabina Alkire, James Foster
Brief version of below2009
07Counting and Multidimensional Poverty MeasurementSabina Alkire, James Foster
Journal of Public Economics 95(7-8) 2011, 476-4872007
07Recuento y Medición Multidimensional de la PobrezaSabina Alkire, James Foster
Translation of above2007
06Winning Ideas: Lessons from Free-Market EconomicsSabina Alkire, Angus Ritchie
2007
05Psychological and Subjective Well-being: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable IndicatorsEmma Samman
Oxford Development Studies 35(4) 2007, 459-486. In Spanish: Bienestar psicológico y subjetivo, (p113 of pdf file). CAF - Banco de Desarrollo de America Latina. 2007
04Agency and Empowerment: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable IndicatorsSolava Ibrahim, Sabina Alkire
Oxford Development Studies 35(4) 2007, 379-403.In Spanish: Empoderamenta y agencia, (p35 of pdf file). CAF - Banco de Desarrollo de America Latina. 2007
03The Ability to go About Without Shame: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable IndicatorsDiego Zavaleta
Oxford Development Studies 35(4) 2007, 405-430.In Spanish: La capacidad de ir por la vida sin sentir vergüenza, (p69 of pdf file). CAF - Banco de Desarrollo de America Latina.2007
02Employment: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable IndicatorsMaría Ana Lugo
Oxford Development Studies 35(4) 2007, 361-378.In Spanish: Calidad del empleo, (p81 of pdf file). CAF - Banco de Desarrollo de America Latina.2009
01Safety and Security: A Proposal for Internationally Comparable Indicators of ViolenceRachael Diprose
Oxford Development Studies 35(4) 2007, 431-458.In Spanish: Seguridad física, (p53 of pdf file). CAF - Banco de Desarrollo de America Latina. 2007
00The Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data: An IntroductionSabina Alkire
Oxford Development Studies 35(4) 2007, 347-359 In Spanish: Introduccion: Las dimensiones faltantes en la medición de la pobreza, (p19 of pdf file). CAF - Banco de Desarrollo de America Latina. 2007