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Global MPI 2013: Key findings

OPHI’s analyses of multidimensional poverty in 2013 span four topics:

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1) Dynamics: Of 22 countries for which we analysed changes in MPI poverty over time, 18 reduced poverty significantly.

Most ‘top performing’ countries reduced multidimensional poverty as fast or faster than they reduced income poverty. Nepal, Rwanda and Bangladesh had the largest absolute reductions in MPI poverty, followed by Ghana, Tanzania, Cambodia and Bolivia. Read more.

2) India: India reduced multidimensional poverty significantly between 1999 and 2005/6, but the reduction was uneven across states and social groups, and much slower than in poorer neighbours Bangladesh and Nepal. Read more.

3) Bottom Billion: An analysis of where the poorest ‘Bottom Billion’ live using national averages finds they are located in just 30 countries; an analysis using individual poverty profiles finds they are actually spread across 100 countries, underscoring the importance of going beyond national averages. Read more.

4) MPI 2013: Distribution and Disparity: In 2013, we found that a total of 1.6 billion people are living in multidimensional poverty; more than 30% of the combined populations of the 104 countries analysed. We also found that 51% of the world’s MPI poor live in South Asia, and 29% in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most MPI poor people – 72% – live in middle-income countries. Read more.

MPI 2013: Updates and Coverage

In 2013, the MPI has been updated for 16 countries, and includes 104 countries with data from 2002-2011.

The MPI has been calculated for 663 subnational regions across 65 countries.

Changes in MPI over time have been analysed for 22 countries and 189 regions, covering 2 billion people.

The 104 countries analysed include 29 Low-Income Countries, 67 Middle-Income Countries and 8 High-Income Countries.

These countries have a total population of 5.4 billion people, which is 78% of the world’s population.

For more information on the MPI 2013, including the MPI Data Bank, MPI FAQs, publications and many other resources, please follow the links on the right.

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Mapping the MPI

Multidimensional poverty index - mapping the MPI
Explore global multidimensional poverty around the world using OPHI’s mapping tools

MPI Country Briefings

Multidimensional poverty index - country briefings
Short country-specific summaries on the results of the MPI analyses in 104 developing nations

MPI Data

All the data from the global MPI, including detailed results at the national and sub-national level

MPI Resources

Multidimensional poverty index - Latest resources
All the global MPI publications, including briefings, working papers and training materials

MPI Methodology

MPI methodology
Details of how the global MPI is constructed and the updates that have taken place

MPI FAQs

Multidimensional poverty index - faqs
Everything you need to know about the global MPI, including how it’s constructed and how it adds value

MPI Case Studies

Multidimensional poverty index - case studies
Watch and read the stories of people who are poor according to the MPI in their country

MPI Podcasts

Multidimensional poverty index - interviews
Interviews with leading academics  about the global MPI and poverty measurement issues more widely