Link to Facebook PageLink to RSS Feed Link to Twitter

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index

Click for GLOBAL MPI 2015

Visit the Global MPI 2015 pages to access a wealth of resources, including case studies, infographics and an interactive databank, as well as country profiles, policy briefings, and downloadable data tables.

What is the global MPI?

The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries. It complements traditional income-based poverty measures by capturing the severe deprivations that each person faces at the same time with respect to education, health and living standards.

The MPI assesses poverty at the individual level. If someone is deprived in a third or more of ten (weighted) indicators (see left), the global index identifies them as ‘MPI poor’, and the extent – or intensity – of their poverty is measured by the number of deprivations they are experiencing.

The MPI can be used to create a comprehensive picture of people living in poverty, and permits comparisons both across countries, regions and the world and within countries by ethnic group, urban/rural location, as well as other key household and community characteristics.

This makes it invaluable as an analytical tool to identify the most vulnerable people – the poorest among the poor, revealing poverty patterns within countries and over time, enabling policy makers to target resources and design policies more effectively.

The global MPI was developed by OPHI with the UN Development Programme (UNDP) for inclusion in UNDP’s flagship Human Development Report in 2010. It has been published in the HDR ever since.

Find out more

MPI FAQs: Everything you need to know about the MPI

National and regional MPIs: Find out how countries are implementing their own MPI measures

Why multidimensional poverty measures? Conceptual arguments, public debates and challenges

The Alkire Foster method Find out about the counting approach used to construct the MPI

Background to the MPI How the global MPI was developed for UNDP’s Human Development Report in 2010

Join OPHI Mailing List

Email address:     

Latest

OPHI launches Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2015 and new book on multidimensional poverty measurement OPHI hosted a special event at Magdalen College, Oxford on Monday 22 June to combine the launch of the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2015 and the launch of a new book, Multidimensional Poverty Measurement & Analysis. Read more

Latest figures on where 1.6 billion poor people live More than 1.6 billion people are living in multidimensional poverty around the world, according to new analysis from the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford. Read more

OPHI book on multidimensional poverty measurement & analysis now published OPHI’s new book on Multidimensional Poverty Measurement & Analysis has now been published by Oxford University Press. Read more

Third annual meeting of the global Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network held in Colombia The third annual meeting of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) was hosted by the Government of Colombia from 2-3 June 2015 in Cartagena. Read more

President of Colombia addresses the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network meeting 2015 More than 100 policymakers and senior officials have come together this week in Cartagena, Colombia, for the third annual meeting of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN). Read more

Tunisia to adopt Multidimensional Poverty Index Tunisia has launched plans to develop an official national multidimensional poverty index (MPI). Read more