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Global Multidimensional Poverty Index

Click for GLOBAL MPI 2014

Visit the Global MPI 2014 pages to access a wealth of resources, including case studies, infographics and an interactive databank, as well as country profiles, policy briefings, and downloadable data tables.

What is the global MPI? The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries. It complements traditional income-based poverty measures by capturing the severe deprivations that each person faces at the same time with respect to education, health and living standards.

The MPI assesses poverty at the individual level. If someone is deprived in a third or more of ten (weighted) indicators (see left), the global index identifies them as ‘MPI poor’, and the extent – or intensity – of their poverty is measured by the number of deprivations they are experiencing.

The MPI can be used to create a comprehensive picture of people living in poverty, and permits comparisons both across countries, regions and the world and within countries by ethnic group, urban/rural location, as well as other key household and community characteristics.

This makes it invaluable as an analytical tool to identify the most vulnerable people – the poorest among the poor, revealing poverty patterns within countries and over time, enabling policy makers to target resources and design policies more effectively.

The global MPI was developed by OPHI with the UN Development Programme (UNDP) for inclusion in UNDP’s flagship Human Development Report in 2010. It has been published in the HDR ever since.

Find out more

MPI FAQs: Everything you need to know about the MPI

National and regional MPIs: Find out how countries are implementing their own MPI measures

Why multidimensional poverty measures? Conceptual arguments, public debates and challenges

The Alkire Foster method Find out about the counting approach used to construct the MPI

History of the MPI How the global MPI was developed for UNDP’s Human Development Report in 2010

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Latest

Jakarta Post article highlights how income poverty is only part of the story An opinion piece in the Jakarta Post has called for a multidimensional measure of poverty to complement Indonesia’s national monetary-based poverty line. The article, by Abdurrahman Syebubakar from Jakarta-based thinktank the Institute for Democracy Education, stresses that Indonesia has “made good progress in reducing extreme and absolute poverty”.  And yet, it concludes that measuring income […] Read more

Huffington Post publishes article on social isolation by OPHI Scholar in Residence, Kim Samuel Kim Samuel warns against ignoring the emotional health of children affected by Ebola and worsening individual wellbeing, in times of a public health crisis. Read more

OPHI’s Sabina Alkire and John Hammock participate in symposium on isolation and social connectedness OPHI Scholar in Residence, Kim Samuel, in collaboration with the Synergos Institute and TakingITGlobal, organized a symposium in Canada on social isolation and deepening social connectedness. Read more

Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way Forward This paper states the need to design a multidimensional poverty index for the Latin America region (LA-MPI) that can monitor poverty trends in a cross-country comparable way, yet is also relevant to the particular regional context. Read more

Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based Approach This paper uses an asset-based approach, focusing on the resources that individuals and households can draw upon to reduce economic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience. Read more

Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting Approach A paper by Suman Seth and Sabina Alkire proposes the use of a separate decomposable inequality measure using Demographic Health Survey datasets. Read more