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July 2014 OPHI e-Update

Welcome to the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative’s regular email update of announcements, opportunities and new publications. If you have any problems viewing this email, you can read it online here:


MPPN Meeting in Berlin, 7-8 July
Last week, Ministers from over 20 governments belonging to the  Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN)  gathered in Berlin to endorse Multidimensional Poverty Indices (MPIs) as a powerful policy tool for enhanced poverty reduction at the regional, national and subnational level. They also advocated multidimensional poverty as an overall goal of the new Sustainable Development Goals and the establishment of a new MPI 2015+ measure of extreme poverty in the post-2015 development context. This event was the first high-level meeting of the Network since its launch at the University of Oxford in June 2013. It provided a forum for senior delegates to share conceptual, methodological and practical information on the implementation of multidimensional poverty measures in their respective countries. During the meeting, the network launched the official Multidimensional Poverty Network website , which highlights the poverty reduction work being done by member countries. Presentations and photographs from the event, as well as the communiqué agreed at the meeting can be read on the website. [ ]

MPI 2014 Launch
In June, OPHI launched its Global MPI results for 2014. This year’s website contains lots of new resources, including an   at-a-glance overview   of our findings and a   2014 synthesis   of main results. We also have policy briefings on   destitution ,    on   rural-urban multidimensional poverty ,    on inequality among the multidimensionally poor   and on   changes in multidimensional poverty over time . The website contains case studies , a set of intuitive   infographics , and a series of data tables   on Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI 2014). Finally, we have new draft papers on   Destitution ,   Poverty Dynamics ,   and   Inequality . All of this information is accessible on the Global MPI 2014 page. [ ]

OPHI wins an ESRC Impact Award
In June, OPHI won first prize in the category of ‘Outstanding International Impact’ at the Economic and Social Research Council’s (ESRC) second annual Celebrating Impact Prize ceremony. The team was rewarded for its work on the multidimensional poverty measure. The prize included a trophy and £10,000 to promote the economic and social impacts of the research. Specific work highlighted included the release of several national MPIs including Mexico, Columbia, the Philippines and Bhutan, as well as the launch of the MPPN in June 2013. []


Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America – new Working Paper by Maria Emma Santos
OPHI Research Associate Maria Emma Santos has recently published Working Paper 66 , titled ‘ Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way Forward’. The paper states the need to design a multidimensional poverty index for the Latin America region (LA-MPI) that can monitor poverty trends in a cross-country comparable way, yet is also relevant to the particular regional context. Drawing from the review, the paper outlines an LA-MPI composed of five dimensions: basic consumptions, education, health, housing and basic services, and work. [ ]

Psychological Agency: Evidence from the Urban Fringe of Bamako – new Working Paper by Elise Klein
Elise Klein has written new OPHI Working Paper 69 . The paper aims to address the large deficit in the theorisation of psychological elements of agency and empowerment in the development literature. An examination of the psychological literature reveals a lack of empirical research related to non-Western contexts and development policy. Klein present the results of an empirical study using inductive mixed methods to examine the central factors contributing to initiatives people undertake to improve personal and collective well-being. She finds that informants articulated that the psychological concepts of dusu (internal motivation) and ka da I yèrè la (self-efficacy) were most important to their purposeful agency. []

Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy – new Working Paper by Adolfo Morrone
OPHI has published new  Working Paper 70   titled ‘ Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based Approach’, by Adolfo Morrone. The paper uses an asset-based approach focussing on the resources that individuals and households can draw upon to reduce economic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience. Indicators identified in the OECD report on measuring vulnerability and resilience in OECD countries are used in the paper to build a conjoint vulnerability index (CVI) for Italian regions. [ ]

Shame, Humiliation and Social Isolation – new Working Paper by China Mills, Diego Zavaleta and Kim Samuel
OPHI’s Missing Dimensions research team, China Mills, Diego Zavaleta and Kim Samuel have published new Working Paper 71 on ‘Shame, Humiliation and Social Isolation: Missing Dimensions of Poverty and Suffering Analysis’. The paper draws upon international fieldwork and datasets in Chile and Chad to explore the relevance of social isolation, shame and humiliation in contexts of poverty, to research on suffering. This work suggests that the use of particular indicators of shame, humiliation, and social isolation can better recognize distributions of suffering. Additionally, it can also help identify individuals and sub-groups within those living in multidimensional poverty – or of the general population at large – that are affected by concrete and particularly hurtful situations. Consequently, they can help to identify levels of suffering which are higher within a specific population. []


OPHI is pleased to welcome a number of visiting academics during summer 2014:

Thomas Morgan , a Research Fellow at the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), remains with us as a Visiting Fellow. The IEP is responsible for the Global Peace Index, a measure of peace at the nation-state level, and Thom will be analysing the cost of violence to the UK as well as working with OPHI on the nexus of poverty and peace.

We are delighted that our longstanding policy advisor, Kim Samuel, remains with us as Scholar in Residence. Kim is working with our Missing Dimensions team to conduct research on social isolation as a critical experiential and measurable component of multidimensional poverty.


July 2014 - OPHI e-Update “Advancing freedoms and overcoming poverty”

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Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
Oxford Department of International Development
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OPHI gratefully acknowledges support from the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)/(DFID) Joint Scheme, German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (GIZ), Praus, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development Report Office, national UNDP and UNICEF offices, UNICEF N’Djamena Chad Country Office, and private benefactors. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Robertson Foundation, John Fell Oxford University Press (OUP) Research Fund, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, International Development Research Council (IDRC) of Canada, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), UK Department of International Development (DFID), and AusAID are also recognised for their past support.

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