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Dynamic Comparison between Multidimensional Poverty and Monetary Poverty

Research workshop | 21-22 November, Oxford Department of International Development, Oxford 2012

OPHI workshop, November 2012This workshop was held in Oxford by OPHI and Stephan Klasen, Professor of Development Economics and Empirical Economic Research at the University of Göttingen, Germany.

The workshop saw 17 papers presented: two of them on multidimensional poverty methods; two on monetary poverty; and 13 in which monetary poverty and multidimensional poverty were compared in different countries, including Bhutan, India, Nepal, Uganda, Vietnam, Peru, Venezuela, Mexico, Indonesia and South Africa. You can download and listen to the presentations given by clicking on the links in the table below.

During the workshop a number of video interviews were recorded in which participants including Stephan Klasen, Sabina Alkire and Frances Stewart shared their thoughts on the key findings; you can watch the interviews here.

The workshop looked at a number of practical questions:

  • When do multidimensional poverty measures add information lacking in monetary poverty measures?
  • If the headcounts of income and MPI are similar, are the same people identified as poor by both measures?
  • Should a multidimensional poverty measure include income or consumption poverty, or should these be kept separate?
  • How do relationships across multidimensional and income poverty measures evolve over time?

In order to catalyse comments and input, four common analyses were presented by the papers which compared monetary and multidimensional poverty:

  • Rural-urban
  • By quintile
  • By household size
  • Cross-tabs of multidimensional and monetary poverty with matching headcounts.

Participants of the workshop included Professor Sir Tony Atkinson, OPHI Advisor and Senior Research Fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford University; Francis Stewart, Professor Emeritus of Development Economics at Oxford University’s Department for International Development (ODID); Doug Golling, Professor of Development Economics at ODID; and James Foster, OPHI Research Associate and Professor of Economics and International Affairs at The Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University in the United States.


Presenter Presentation and Audio
Sabina Alkire Introduction and Problematic
Sabina Alkire Understanding Associations Across Deprivation Indicators in Multidimensional Poverty
Maria Emma Santos Tracking Poverty Reduction in Bhutan
Rajeev Kumar Comparing Multidimensional Poverty and Consumption Poverty based on Primary Survey in India
Sandip Sarkar Multidimensional Poverty in India: Insights from NSSO Data
Shabana Mitra Multidimensionality of Poverty in Nepal
Ram Hari Gaihre Comparison between Multidimensional Poverty Index and Monetary Poverty for Nepal
Caroline Dotter The (Ir-)Relevance of the International Poverty Line for National Poverty Assessment
James Foster Poverty Measurement and the Distribution of Deprivations among the Poor
Stephan Klasen Global Absolute and ‘Weakly Relative’ Poverty Revisited
Stephan Klasen Mapping MPI and Monetary Poverty: The Case of Uganda
Sebastian Levine Comparing Multidensional and Monetary Poverty in Uganda
Van Tran-Quang The Dynamics of Monetary and Multidimensional Poverty in Vietnam
Juan Pablo Ocampo (Re-)Counting the Poor in Peru: A Multidimensional Approach
José Manuel Roche Multidimensional Poverty Analysis in Venezuela, 1997-2010
Iván González de Alba Mexico’s ‘Official’ Multidimensional Poverty Measure: A Comparative Study of Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Populations
Paola Ballon Fernandez Multidimensional Poverty Dynamics in Indonesia We apologise for the quality of the audio at the beginning of this recording
Stephan Klasen MPI vs Income Poverty in South Africa using the South African National Income Dynamics Study