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Special Issue: Social Indicators Research

Social Indicators Research

Guest Editors: Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos

A special issue of Social Indicators Research (Volume 112, Issue 2, June 2013), edited by OPHI Director Sabina Alkire and OPHI Research Associate Maria Emma Santos and featuring a number of articles by OPHI researchers, has been published in full online.

The articles in ‘A Multidimensional Approach: Poverty Measurement and Beyond’ apply the Alkire Foster method of measuring multidimensional poverty to a range of different contexts. The introduction describes the AF methodology, and is available to read here.

Alkire and Suman Seth’s OPHI Working Paper 53 has been published as ‘Targeting Methods to Identify BPL Households in India.’ The paper proposes how to select a methodology to target multidimensionally poor households, and how to update that targeting exercise periodically. In 1992, 1997, and 2002 the Indian government identified households that are below the poverty line (BPL) and in updating the 2002 methodology, alternative methods have been proposed and vigorously debated. Using the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), this paper illustrates how a BPL targeting method using Socio Economic Caste Census variables might be calibrated to a multidimensional poverty measure.

Diego Battiston, Guillermo Cruces, Luis Felipe Lopez Calva, Maria Ana Lugo and Maria Emma Santos’s OPHI Working Paper 17 has been published as ‘Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries.’ This paper studies multidimensional poverty for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay for the period 1992–2006. The approach overcomes the limitations of the two traditional methods of poverty analysis in Latin America (income-based and unmet basic needs) by combining income with five other dimensions: school attendance for children, education of the household head, sanitation, water and shelter.

Also featured in the issue is José Manuel Roche’s OPHI Working Paper 57‘Monitoring Progress in Child Poverty Reduction: Methodological Insights and Illustration to the Case Study of Bangladesh.’ The paper presents a new approach to monitoring progress in child poverty reduction accompanied by an assessment of child poverty reduction in Bangladesh. The empirical evidence in the paper highlights the need to move beyond the headcount ratio towards new measures of child poverty that reflect the intensity of poverty and multiple deprivations that affect poor children at the same time.

Yélé Maweki Batana’s OPHI Working Paper 13 has been published as ‘Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa.’ The paper estimates multidimensional poverty among women in 14 Sub-Saharan African countries using the Alkire Foster method. The estimates are compared with alternative measures such as the Human Development Index, income poverty, asset poverty and the Gender-related Development Index. It is found that including additional dimensions into the analysis leads to country rankings different from those obtained with these four measures.

Viviane Azevedo and Marcos Robles’ OPHI Research in Progress 20a has been published as ‘Multidimensional Targeting: Identifying Beneficiaries of Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) Programs.’ This paper proposes a multidimensional targeting approach to identifying beneficiaries, which explicitly takes into consideration the multiple objectives of CCTs and the multiple deprivations of poor households. Results indicate that the proposed multidimensional targeting methodology significantly improves the selection of households with children who are most deprived in the dimensions often relevant to CCTs. In the case of Mexico’s Oportunidades, ex-ante evaluation results indicate that the multidimensional identification of beneficiaries increases the impact of transfers on school attendance, compared to alternative targeting models.

The complete OPHI special issue of SIR is available to view here.

Special Issue: Robustness in Multidimensional Well-being Analysis

Econometric Reviews, vol. 32, no. 1, 2012

Guest Editor Gaston Yalonetzky

An OPHI special issue of Econometric Reviews on ‘Robustness in Multidimensional Well-Being Analysis’, guest edited by OPHI Research Associate Gaston Yalonetzky, has been published online.

In addition to an introduction by Yalonetzky and Esfandiar Maasoumi, the issue includes an article by Yalonetzky on ‘Stochastic Dominance with Ordinal Variables: Conditions and a Test’, and a developed version of OPHI Working Paper 26, ‘Composite Indices: Rank Robustness, Statistical Association and Redundancy’, by James Foster, Mark McGillivray and Suman Seth.

Other papers featured are: ‘Weights in Multidimensional Indices of Well-Being: An Overview’, by Koen Decancq & María Ana Lugo (a developed version of OPHI Working Paper 18); ‘Multidimensional Poverty: Measurement, Estimation, and Inference’, by Christopher J. Bennett and Shabana Mitra (OPHI Working Paper 47); ‘Testing for Restricted Stochastic Dominance’, by Russell Davidson and Jean-Yves Duclos; and ‘Institutions and Economic Outcomes: A Dominance-Based Analysis’, by Gordon Anderson and Kinda Hachem.

Special Issue: The Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data

Oxford Development Studies vol. 35, no. 4, December 2007
Guest Editor Emma Samman
This special issue is based on the proceedings of OPHI’s launch in May 2007. It presents an introduction to the research theme; revised versions of the papers focusing on aspects of missing poverty data, with proposed indicators and questions to measure each; and the comments of discussants Grace Bediako, François Bourguignon and Stephan Klasen.


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The world’s poorest people don’t always live where you’d expect Poverty measures reported at the national level don’t provide a full picture of where the world’s poorest live. New research from the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford has revealed that nearly 60 per cent of people living in the world’s poorest regions are actually not in the least developed countries. Read more

Second chapter of OPHI book on multidimensional poverty measurement now available The second chapter of OPHI's forthcoming book, 'Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis', is now available to read online and download as a working paper. Read more

Iraqi Human Development Report presents multidimensional poverty index as tool for youth empowerment Ministry of Planning, Iraq and UNDP, Iraq have launched a report that uses a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) to allow for an in-depth understanding of the nature and severity of deprivation in Iraq. Read more

Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way Forward This paper states the need to design a multidimensional poverty index for the Latin America region (LA-MPI) that can monitor poverty trends in a cross-country comparable way, yet is also relevant to the particular regional context. Read more

Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based Approach This paper uses an asset-based approach, focusing on the resources that individuals and households can draw upon to reduce economic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience. Read more

Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting Approach A paper by Suman Seth and Sabina Alkire proposes the use of a separate decomposable inequality measure using Demographic Health Survey datasets. Read more