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Survey Modules

OPHI promotes collection and analysis of data on five ‘missing dimensions’ of poverty: quality of work, empowerment, physical safety, social connectedness and psychological wellbeing. To date, these dimensions have been largely overlooked in large-scale quantitative work on poverty and human development.

OPHI has designed five short, 8-10 minute questionnaire modules that can be integrated into national household surveys to obtain these data.

Criteria

The following criteria were used to identify suitable indicators for inclusion in individual or household surveys.

  • The indicators need to be internationally comparable.
  • They should assess both the instrumental and the intrinsic aspects of each dimension.
  • They must enable identification of changes in the missing dimensions over time.
  • They should draw on previous experience of particular indicators; notably we tried to use indicators that had been previously fielded and found to be ‘adequate’ measures for research purposes.

For Working Papers in English, Spanish and Mandarin on how the indicators were developed, see the Missing Dimensions Background page.

Progress to date

OPHI has ongoing collaborations with teams around the world to test and improve the modules and to produce new data and qualitative and quantitative analyses on the missing dimensions. For details of ongoing projects and the resources used, see the Missing Dimensions Projects page. For translations of the survey modules and other documents, see the tables below. 

We welcome expressions of interest from individuals or organisations seeking to test any (or ideally all) OPHI survey modules. For more information about these indicators and associated research, or if you plan to use them in your own work, please contact ophi@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

Survey Modules

 Employment   Agency   Physical 
safety 
 Social
 connectedness 
 Psychological 
 & subjective 
wellbeing 
En_language
English
Fr_language
French
es_language
Spanish
mandarin_language
Mandarin

Showcards & technical notes

 Showcards   Employment 
Technical
notes 
 Empowerment 
Technical
notes 
 Psychological 
Subjective
wellbeing 
En_language
English
es_language
Spanish

 

Full Missing Dimension questionnaires

 Country   Language 
srilanka_green
Sri Lanka
nigeria_green
Nigeria
chile_green
Chile


Methodological Guidelines for Implementing and Analysing the Missing Dimensions Surveys

Web resources on statistical analysis (esp. factor analysis)

Resources

Survey Modules

En_language
English
Fr_language
French
es_language
Spanish
mandarin_language
Mandarin

Resources

srilanka_green
Full questionnaire implemented in Sri Lanka:
Tamil
Sinhala
nigeria_green
Full questionnaire implemented in Nigeria:
Igbo
English translation
chile_green
Full questionnaire implemented in Chile:
Spanish
English translation
showcards
Survey showcards:
English
Spanish