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Survey Modules

OPHI promotes collection and analysis of data on five ‘missing dimensions’ of poverty: quality of work, empowerment, physical safety, social connectedness and psychological wellbeing. To date, these dimensions have been largely overlooked in large-scale quantitative work on poverty and human development.

OPHI has designed five short, 8-10 minute questionnaire modules that can be integrated into national household surveys to obtain these data.

For Working Papers in English, Spanish and Chinese on how the indicators were developed, and criteria for their inclusion in individual and household surveys, see the Missing Dimensions background page.

Progress to date

OPHI has ongoing collaborations with teams around the world to test and improve the modules and to produce new data and qualitative and quantitative analyses on the missing dimensions. For details of ongoing projects and the resources used, see the Missing Dimensions Projects page. For translations of the survey modules and other documents, see the tables below.

We welcome expressions of interest from individuals or organisations seeking to test any (or ideally all) OPHI survey modules. For more information about these indicators and associated research, or if you plan to use them in your own work, please contact

Download the survey modules

Employment Agency Physical safety Social
Psychological &
subjective wellbeing

Response cards and technical notes

Response cards Technical notes
Technical notes
Technical notes
(Psychological &
subjective wellbeing)

Full Missing Dimensions questionnaires

Country Language
Sri Lanka

Methodological Guidelines for Implementing and Analysing the Missing Dimensions Surveys

Web resources on statistical analysis (esp. factor analysis)

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