Link to Facebook PageLink to RSS Feed Link to Twitter

Missing Dimensions of Poverty

Money alone is an incomplete measure of ‘poverty’. Human development is about giving people the opportunities to live lives they value, and focuses on what people are able to be and to do. OPHI has identified the following five ‘Missing Dimensions’ of poverty that deprived people cite as important in their experiences of poverty.

To collect better data on these ‘missing dimensions’, OPHI has designed five short, 8-10 minute questionnaire modules that can be integrated into national household surveys. For more information, and to access the modules in different languages, see the Survey Modules page.

QUALITY OF WORK

Informal employment, security and safety at work

quality_of_work2

Formal and informal employment, hazards, income,self-employment, responses to shock and fair treatment

EMPOWERMENT

Agency and the power people have to shape their lives

empowerment

Control over actions in public and private domains, how autonomy, coercion and the desire to please others shape action.

PHYSICAL SAFETY

Freedom from violence against people & property

physical_safety

Violent crime and conflict-related violence against people and property (e.g. theft) and responses to violence.

SOCIAL CONNECTEDNESS

Relationships and freedom from shame and humiliation

social_connectiveness

Value of relations and social connections, both intrinsically and instrumentally, aspects of shame, social isolation.

PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING

Happiness, satisfaction and a meaningful life

psychological_wellbeing

Happiness, overall satisfaction and satisfaction by domain, psychological wellbeing and meaning in life.

Join OPHI Mailing List

Email address:     

Latest

Multidimensional living conditions index for Grenada identifies those most in need New research published in the OPHI working paper series has proposed a multidimensional living conditions index for Grenada to identify the country’s most deprived households. Read more

OPHI staff visit Ivory Coast to discuss multidimensional poverty measurement in Africa OPHI researcher Bouba Housseini and co-founder John Hammock were in the Ivory Coast from 16-21 March where they gave presentations on the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) at the African Development Bank and the UNDP Africa Economists Cluster Meeting. Read more

OPHI research shows mixed results in multidimensional poverty reduction across India between 1999 and 2006 Multidimensional poverty reduction in India has not been equal for all regions, castes or religious groups, according to a paper by OPHI researchers published in the World Development journal. Read more

Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way Forward This paper states the need to design a multidimensional poverty index for the Latin America region (LA-MPI) that can monitor poverty trends in a cross-country comparable way, yet is also relevant to the particular regional context. Read more

Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based Approach This paper uses an asset-based approach, focusing on the resources that individuals and households can draw upon to reduce economic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience. Read more

Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting Approach A paper by Suman Seth and Sabina Alkire proposes the use of a separate decomposable inequality measure using Demographic Health Survey datasets. Read more