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Research

OPHI research aims to contribute to an integrated poverty reduction framework grounded in Amartya Sen’s capability approach and similar ideas. This framework incorporates multiple dimensions of poverty and wellbeing simultaneously, recognizing that these are interconnected, to inform policy-making, foster debate and contribute to the literature.

OPHI research is categorised by two main themes:

Multidimensional Poverty, Wellbeing and Inequality. OPHI develops and applies new methodologies for measuring multidimensional poverty, chronic poverty, wellbeing and inequality. For example, OPHI developed a highly intuitive and user-friendly class of multidimensional poverty measures, which can be used for targeting social protection,  monitoring and for measuring poverty.

The Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data. OPHI has developed brief survey modules for five ‘missing dimensions’ of poverty data that appear important to deprived people but have been overlooked in large scale survey work to date. These modules are: Quality of work, Empowerment, Physical safety, Without shame and Psychological wellbeing.

Alongside these main themes, OPHI works on a range of topics, including capabilities and inequality, and of different disciplines; economics, political economy, philosophy, among others.

OPHI also advances research through intensive Research Workshops, where prospective methodologies are presented and critically assessed by a combination of eminent and junior scholars. Our Research Workshops page gives details of past and upcoming workshops, as well as links to podcasts and other materials available from the events themselves.

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Latest

Jakarta Post article highlights how income poverty is only part of the story An opinion piece in the Jakarta Post has called for a multidimensional measure of poverty to complement Indonesia’s national monetary-based poverty line. The article, by Abdurrahman Syebubakar from Jakarta-based thinktank the Institute for Democracy Education, stresses that Indonesia has “made good progress in reducing extreme and absolute poverty”.  And yet, it concludes that measuring income […] Read more

Huffington Post publishes article on social isolation by OPHI Scholar in Residence, Kim Samuel Kim Samuel warns against ignoring the emotional health of children affected by Ebola and worsening individual wellbeing, in times of a public health crisis. Read more

OPHI’s Sabina Alkire and John Hammock participate in symposium on isolation and social connectedness OPHI Scholar in Residence, Kim Samuel, in collaboration with the Synergos Institute and TakingITGlobal, organized a symposium in Canada on social isolation and deepening social connectedness. Read more

Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way Forward This paper states the need to design a multidimensional poverty index for the Latin America region (LA-MPI) that can monitor poverty trends in a cross-country comparable way, yet is also relevant to the particular regional context. Read more

Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based Approach This paper uses an asset-based approach, focusing on the resources that individuals and households can draw upon to reduce economic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience. Read more

Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting Approach A paper by Suman Seth and Sabina Alkire proposes the use of a separate decomposable inequality measure using Demographic Health Survey datasets. Read more