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Research

OPHI research aims to contribute to an integrated poverty reduction framework grounded in Amartya Sen’s capability approach and similar ideas. This framework incorporates multiple dimensions of poverty and wellbeing simultaneously, recognizing that these are interconnected, to inform policy-making, foster debate and contribute to the literature.

OPHI research is categorised by two main themes:

Multidimensional Poverty, Wellbeing and Inequality. OPHI develops and applies new methodologies for measuring multidimensional poverty, chronic poverty, wellbeing and inequality. For example, OPHI developed a highly intuitive and user-friendly class of multidimensional poverty measures, which can be used for targeting social protection,  monitoring and for measuring poverty.

The Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data. OPHI has developed brief survey modules for five ‘missing dimensions’ of poverty data that appear important to deprived people but have been overlooked in large scale survey work to date. These modules are: Quality of work, Empowerment, Physical safety, Without shame and Psychological wellbeing.

Alongside these main themes, OPHI works on a range of topics, including capabilities and inequality, and of different disciplines; economics, political economy, philosophy, among others.

OPHI also advances research through intensive Research Workshops, where prospective methodologies are presented and critically assessed by a combination of eminent and junior scholars. Our Research Workshops page gives details of past and upcoming workshops, as well as links to podcasts and other materials available from the events themselves.

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Latest

Pakistan signs agreement to develop a national Multidimensional Poverty Index Pakistan's Ministry of Planning, the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and OPHI have launched the process of regularly calculating a new poverty index for Pakistan based on the Alkire Foster method. Read more

OPHI takes part in Effective Cooperation Conference in Mexico City John Hammock will speak at the conference on 16 April 2014 about alternatives to per capita income measures. Read more

Government of Spain calls for the adoption of a multidimensional poverty index post-2015 Spain hopes the statement will contribute to discussions on the post-2015 agenda taking place in Mexico next week. Read more

Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting Approach A paper by Suman Seth and Sabina Alkire proposes the use of a separate decomposable inequality measure using Demographic Health Survey datasets. Read more

A Counting Multidimensional Poverty Index in Public Policy Context: the case of Colombia A new paper that presents the Colombian Multidimensional Poverty Index (CMPI) for tracking multiple deprivations nationally. Read more

Where do the World's Multidimensionally Poor People Live? This paper considers how the global distribution of multidimensional poverty differs from the global distribution of income poverty, and assesses the sensitivity of findings to widely used (although somewhat arbitrary) country classifications. Read more