Link to Facebook PageLink to RSS Feed Link to Twitter


OPHI research aims to contribute to an integrated poverty reduction framework grounded in Amartya Sen’s capability approach and similar ideas. This framework incorporates multiple dimensions of poverty and wellbeing simultaneously, recognizing that these are interconnected, to inform policy-making, foster debate and contribute to the literature.

OPHI research is categorised by two main themes:

Multidimensional Poverty, Wellbeing and Inequality: OPHI develops and applies new methodologies for measuring multidimensional poverty, chronic poverty, wellbeing and inequality. This includes a highly intuitive and user-friendly class of multidimensional poverty measures, which can be used for targeting and monitoring social policies as well as for measuring poverty.

The Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data: OPHI has developed brief survey modules for five ‘missing dimensions’ of poverty data that appear important to deprived people but have been overlooked in large scale survey work to date. These modules are: Quality of work, Empowerment, Physical safety, Without shame and Psychological wellbeing.

Alongside these main themes, OPHI works on a range of topics, including capabilities and inequality, and of different disciplines; economics, political economy, philosophy, among others.

Training courses and events

OPHI organises a wide range of events and training courses on multidimensional measurement methodologies. This includes intensive research workshops, where prospective methodologies are presented and critically assessed by eminent and junior scholars, and an annual summer school that offers participants a conceptual and technical introduction to current literature and techniques of measuring multidimensional poverty.

We also run a lunchtime seminar series which includes presentations and discussion on new research using multidimensional measurement.

Find podcasts, videos and other materials from past events on our events pages and online training portal.

Join OPHI Mailing List

Email address:     


Multidimensional Poverty Indices Launched in Costa Rica and El Salvador Both Costa Rica and El Salvador launched a national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) on the same day, October 29th.  OPHI’s co-founder John Hammock and Outreach Technical Director Adriana Conconi participated in these launches, John Hammock in Costa Rica’s capital, San Jose, and Adriana Conconi in San Salvador. In their remarks the OPHI representatives stressed both […] Read more

Global Monitoring Report includes first-time coverage of Multidimensional Poverty Index The Global Monitoring Report (GMR) 2015/2016, produced jointly by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, details findings from the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) for the first time. Read more

OPHI’s work included in top 20 global development impact case studies OPHI’s work has been included in the top 20 most impressive examples of UK research contributing to global development, a list compiled by the UK Collaborative on Development Sciences (UKDCS). Read more

Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way Forward This paper states the need to design a multidimensional poverty index for the Latin America region (LA-MPI) that can monitor poverty trends in a cross-country comparable way, yet is also relevant to the particular regional context. Read more

Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based Approach This paper uses an asset-based approach, focusing on the resources that individuals and households can draw upon to reduce economic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience. Read more

Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting Approach A paper by Suman Seth and Sabina Alkire proposes the use of a separate decomposable inequality measure using Demographic Health Survey datasets. Read more