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Research

OPHI research aims to contribute to an integrated poverty reduction framework grounded in Amartya Sen’s capability approach and similar ideas. This framework incorporates multiple dimensions of poverty and wellbeing simultaneously, recognizing that these are interconnected, to inform policy-making, foster debate and contribute to the literature.

OPHI research is categorised by two main themes:

Multidimensional Poverty, Wellbeing and Inequality. OPHI develops and applies new methodologies for measuring multidimensional poverty, chronic poverty, wellbeing and inequality. For example, OPHI developed a highly intuitive and user-friendly class of multidimensional poverty measures, which can be used for targeting social protection,  monitoring and for measuring poverty.

The Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data. OPHI has developed brief survey modules for five ‘missing dimensions’ of poverty data that appear important to deprived people but have been overlooked in large scale survey work to date. These modules are: Quality of work, Empowerment, Physical safety, Without shame and Psychological wellbeing.

Alongside these main themes, OPHI works on a range of topics, including capabilities and inequality, and of different disciplines; economics, political economy, philosophy, among others.

OPHI also advances research through intensive Research Workshops, where prospective methodologies are presented and critically assessed by a combination of eminent and junior scholars. Our Research Workshops page gives details of past and upcoming workshops, as well as links to podcasts and other materials available from the events themselves.

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Latest

OPHI and MPPN propose light but powerful survey modules in support of the data revolution OPHI and the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) have submitted new light but powerful household survey modules to the UN Secretary General's IAEG on Data Revolution for Sustainable Development Read more

Lunchtime Seminar Series for Michaelmas Term 2014 gets underway OPHI’s termly Lunchtime Seminar Series for Michaelmas 2014-15 begins on Monday 13 October with ‘An Introduction to OPHI’. Read more

New OPHI Research in Progress paper presents indices for Multidimensional Poverty for EU-SILC countries The new set of experiemental indices constructed in the paper show All three measures show a significant reduction in multidimensional poverty from 2006 to 2012, although patterns vary. Read more

Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way Forward This paper states the need to design a multidimensional poverty index for the Latin America region (LA-MPI) that can monitor poverty trends in a cross-country comparable way, yet is also relevant to the particular regional context. Read more

Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based Approach This paper uses an asset-based approach, focusing on the resources that individuals and households can draw upon to reduce economic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience. Read more

Measuring and Decomposing Inequality among the Multidimensionally Poor Using Ordinal Data: A Counting Approach A paper by Suman Seth and Sabina Alkire proposes the use of a separate decomposable inequality measure using Demographic Health Survey datasets. Read more