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The Global Multidimensional Poverty
Peer Network (MPPN)

Network Communiqué

mppn1

The Global Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network held a special side-event at the UN General Assembly on 24 September 2013 to discuss the future of multidimensional poverty measurement in the context of the post-2015 development agenda. For reports, video footage, a call to action and more, click here.

An international peer network for policymakers engaged in exploring or implementing multidimensional poverty measures

Providing peer-to-peer technical and policy support, and mutual input into design and institutional arrangements

santos-sabinaPoverty is often defined by one-dimensional measures, such as income. But no one indicator alone can capture the multiple aspects that constitute poverty.

A rapidly increasing number of policymakers around the world are working to establish multidimensional poverty measures. Many of them are using the Alkire Foster methodology and the related set of empirical techniques developed by OPHI.
These measures enable them to:

  • sen-sheldonianAllocate resources more effectively;
  • Improve policy design;
  • Identify interconnections among deprivations;
  • Monitor the effectiveness of policies over time;
  • Target poor people as beneficiaries of services or conditional cash transfers.

OPHI has published a brochure, ‘Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: Insights from Around the World‘, which features case studies on how the Alkire Foster method of measuring multidimensional poverty has been adapted and applied in Colombia, Mexico, Bhutan, China, El Salvador, Malaysia and Minas Gerais in Brazil, among others.

The Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network was formally launched in Oxford on 6-7 June 2013, by President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia and high-level representatives from Mexico and around 20 other governments.

Watch videos and download the presentations given during the launch events

*2014 Read the latest brochure about the Network

Read about the launch events of 6-7 June 2013

See an agenda of the launch events

See a list of international participants

mppn6The Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network, which issupported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), provides international support to policy makers engaged in or exploring the construction of multidimensional poverty measures, including input into the design of the measures, and the political processes and institutional arrangements that will sustain them. At present, Ministers and senior officials from 22 countries participate in the Network, plus 5 institutions.

Read a letter from Dirk Niebel, Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany, about the launch of the network.

The network enables early adopters of multidimensional poverty measures to share their experiences directly with policy makers in other countries who are exploring the possibility or who are in the process of implementing such measures (‘South-South’ learning). It also provides access to resources including technical support, executive training courses and an online store of knowledge and lessons learned.

For example, in September 2013, policymakers from Mexico and Brazil joined members of Vietnam’s National Assembly and the UN’s Development Programme (UNDP) at a seminar in Hanoi  to discuss multidimensional approaches to setting poverty reduction targets and drafting social welfare policies. Hosted by the National Assembly’s Social Affairs Committee and UNDP, the seminar saw participants discuss practical, sustainable initiatives for poverty reduction. The meeting of member countries from the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network was coordinated in the wake of the announcement in June 2013 by Vice-Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, Nguyen Trong Dam, that Vietnam planned to adopt a multidimensional framework for measuring poverty.

mppn6The Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network was created in response to the overwhelming demand for information on implementing multidimensional measures, and for technical and institutional support. OPHI manages and coordinates the network, along with founding members CONEVAL (Mexico’s National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy), and Colombia’s National Planning Department (DNP) and Department for Social Prosperity (DPS).

As more and more countries join the network and share their experiences, the resources that can be accessed increase and the impact of multidimensional poverty measurement in the international arena grows. The aim of the network is that this will lead to policies that are better designed, accurately targeted and more effective in alleviating poverty in all its dimensions.

Read the announcement issued at the launch of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network.

Participants in the network at present include policymakers from:
Angola
Chile
mppn2Dominican Republic
Ecuador
India
Iraq
Mozambique
Nigeria
Tunisia
Uruguay
The Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLAC)
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
The Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) (9 member and associate member states)
The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) (15 member states)
The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI)

Network news

Ho Chi Minh takes lead in piloting a new multidimensional poverty measure in Vietnam OPHI's John Hammock and Mihika Chatterjee attend seminar in Vietnam as the country reaffirms its commitment to developing multidimensional poverty measures. Read more

Nigerian newspaper This Day Live publishes article on Global MPI 2014 Dr. Shamsuddin Usman called on policy makers to take into account the experience of people in poverty identified by the Global MPI 2014 in drafting anti-poverty policies. Read more

The Dominican Republic hosts discussion on Multidimensional Poverty OPHI Director Sabina Alkire attended and delivered a lecture at a discussion hosted by the Vice President Dr Margarita Cedeño of the Dominican Republic. Read more

Colombia hosts workshop on multidimensional poverty measurement for participants from Latin America OPHI Researchers collaborated with officials from Departamento para la Prosperidad Social (Department for Social Prosperity) of the Government of Colombia, with the support of the Organizacion de los Estados Americanos (OEA Organisation of the American States), the Red Interamericana de Proteccion Social (Inter-American Network of Social Protection) in training representatives from Latin American countries on developing national multidimensional poverty measures. Read more

Hon Dr. Kenny Anthony, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia to champion multidimensional poverty At his keynote address to the high-level meeting of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network, the Prime Minister of Saint Lucia pledged his support to further the goals of the Network. Read more

Policy Applications

Global MPI

Global MPI
An international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries

Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index

The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index
A groundbreaking tool to measure the empowerment, agency and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector

Gross National Happiness Index

Gross National Happiness Index
A measurement tool that reflects the general well-being of the population

Bhutan

Bhutan
A national MPI that reflects deprivations in rudimentary services and core human needs

Minas Gerais, Brazil

Brazil
A state-wide MPI that uses data collected door to door and underpins a poverty reduction programme

China

China
A multidimensional measure in the Wu Ling Mountain Region that incorporates environmental data

Colombia

Colombia
A pioneering multidimensional poverty measure used to monitor a national development plan

El Salvador

El Salvador
A proposed MPI that will link with social action programmes and guide social policy

Malaysia

Malaysia
A preliminary MPI that may be used to monitor poverty reduction programmes and better target policies

Mexico

Mexico
A multidimensional poverty measure passed into law, with dimensions based on social rights