Policy – International, National and Subnational Applications
The Alkire Foster method for measuring multidimensional poverty can be used to create national measures of poverty, well-being, empowerment and inequality. It can also be used for monitoring and evaluation of programmes, and for targeting of services or conditional cash transfers.
The flexibility of the method means that different dimensions and indicators can be selected to create measures specific to particular contexts; for example, the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), an international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries; Colombia’s national MPI, which is used to monitor a national development plan; and the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index, an innovative new measure of the empowerment, agency, and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector created by OPHI with the United States Agency for International Development and the International Food Policy Research Institute.
You can read about all the applications below in a brochure, ‘Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: Insights from Around the World‘.
Current applications of the Alkire Foster method
- Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) – An international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries and more than 650 subnational regions
- Gross National Happiness (GNH) Index, Bhutan – A measurement tool that includes less traditional aspects of culture and psychological well-being
- Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index – A groundbreaking tool to measure the empowerment, agency and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector
- Bhutan – A national MPI that reflects deprivations in rudimentary services and core human needs
- Minas Gerais, Brazil – A state-wide MPI that uses data collected door to door and underpins a poverty reduction programme
- China – A multidimensional measure in the Wu Ling Mountain Region that incorporates environmental data
- Colombia – A pioneering multidimensional poverty measure used to monitor a national development plan
- El Salvador – A proposed MPI that will link with social action programmes and guide social policy
- Malaysia – A preliminary MPI that may be used to monitor poverty reduction programmes and better target policies
- Mexico – A multidimensional poverty measure passed into law, with dimensions chosen by Congress and based on social rights
Source: Archivo Oficina de Comunicaciones. Departamento para la Prosperidad Social – DPS| Trackback