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How is the Alkire Foster method used in policy?

The Alkire Foster (AF) method for measuring multidimensional poverty can be used to create national measures of poverty, well-being, empowerment and inequality. It can also be used for monitoring and evaluating programmes, and for targeting services or conditional cash transfers.

The flexibility of the method means that different dimensions and indicators can be selected to create measures specific to particular contexts.

Read about policy applications of the AF method in OPHI’s brochure ‘Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: Insights from Around the World‘.

Watch a short video about how the AF method of multidimensional measurement is being applied at the global, national and institutional level.

Current applications of the AF method


An international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries and more than 800 sub-national regions.

 National multidimensional poverty measures

Mppn meeting

Several countries have already launched official national poverty measures, with many others in the process of developing theirs.

Bhtuan’s Gross National Happiness Index

Bhutan GNH

A measurement tool that includes less traditional aspects of culture and psychological well-being.


A ground-breaking tool to measure the empowerment, agency and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector.

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