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Policy – International, National and Subnational Applications

applications2The Alkire Foster method for measuring multidimensional poverty can be used to create national measures of poverty, well-being, empowerment and inequality. It can also be used for monitoring and evaluation of programmes, and for targeting of services or conditional cash transfers.

The flexibility of the method means that different dimensions and indicators can be selected to create measures specific to particular contexts; for example, the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), an international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries; Colombia’s national MPI, which is used to monitor a national development plan; and the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index, an innovative new measure of the empowerment, agency, and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector created by OPHI with the United States Agency for International Development and the International Food Policy Research Institute.

You can read about all the applications below in a brochure, ‘Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: Insights from Around the World‘.

Current applications of the Alkire Foster method

  • Bhutan – A national MPI that reflects deprivations in rudimentary services and core human needs
  • Minas Gerais, Brazil – A state-wide MPI that uses data collected door to door and underpins a poverty reduction programme
  • China – A multidimensional measure in the Wu Ling Mountain Region that incorporates environmental data
  • Colombia – A pioneering multidimensional poverty measure used to monitor a national development plan
  • El Salvador – A proposed MPI that will link with social action programmes and guide social policy
  • Malaysia – A preliminary MPI that may be used to monitor poverty reduction programmes and better target policies
  • Mexico – A multidimensional poverty measure passed into law, with dimensions chosen by Congress and based on social rights

applications1

Source: Archivo Oficina de Comunicaciones. Departamento para la Prosperidad Social – DPS

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Policy Applications

Global MPI

Global MPI
An international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries

Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index

The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index
A groundbreaking tool to measure the empowerment, agency and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector

Gross National Happiness Index

Gross National Happiness Index
A measurement tool that reflects the general well-being of the population

Bhutan

Bhutan
A national MPI that reflects deprivations in rudimentary services and core human needs

Minas Gerais, Brazil

Brazil
A state-wide MPI that uses data collected door to door and underpins a poverty reduction programme

China

China
A multidimensional measure in the Wu Ling Mountain Region that incorporates environmental data

Colombia

Colombia
A pioneering multidimensional poverty measure used to monitor a national development plan

El Salvador

El Salvador
A proposed MPI that will link with social action programmes and guide social policy

Malaysia

Malaysia
A preliminary MPI that may be used to monitor poverty reduction programmes and better target policies

Mexico

Mexico
A multidimensional poverty measure passed into law, with dimensions based on social rights