Normative Issues in Multidimensional Poverty Measurement
AF methodology is a general framework. Within this framework you have to make very important decision which will form your poverty measure, and it is therefore essential to pay thorough analysis to this part of your multidimensional poverty measure. These choices lie 100%. with the people who implement the poverty measure and are not dictated by the Alkire Foster method.
Watch the video (includes video guide)
Guide to the video
00:00 Introduction .
01:58 A brief example of a unidimensional income poverty measure.
03:55 The most important aspect to be clear about is the purpose of your measure.
Part 1: Essential Normative Choices
05:27 Overview of the essential normative choices.
06:50 Often choices are guided by unchangeable constraints, such as for example, data.
11:21 A discussion about the purpose of the measure, its importance and influence on your normative choices.
13:48 Choosing the unit of analysis.
19:24 Choosing dimensions, and how to justify the chosen dimensions?
21:43 Sen’s criteria for dimensions.
23:45 A summary of how researcher choose dimensions (see complete literature review in Alkire (2008)). Note that it is important to explore all possible dimensions to justify your choice afterwards. Link to Sarkozy Commission
32:00 A list of often observed dimensions in applied human development research (Alkire (2002), Ranis, G. Stewart, F. and Samman (2006)).The same dimensions are chosen again and again.
35:15 Choosing indicators.
40:08 Choosing indicators and deprivation cut-offs using the example of participatory work with Bhutan’s GNH Index
43:54 Choosing the weights, presentation of different methods (normative, statistical and axiomatic). The axiomatic approach is explained in detail using the example of CONEVAL in Mexico
52.10 Choosing weights, the important thing is to make your choices explicit and to justify them (Sen)
63:00 Technical interruption in video
Part 2: Different Approaches to Making Your Normative Choices
66:29 Different types of approaches to defining, for example, weights: expert opinion, cardinal weights, survey weights
69:40 Summary, the debate about the normative decisions in multidimensional poverty measures.