- OPHI’s John Hammock visits Accion Joven Foundation in Costa Rica
- Dominican Republic to establish a national MPI
- MPPN Meeting in Berlin Leads to Adoption of MPI in Two New Countries
- OPHI wins ESRC Celebrating Impact Prize: watch video
- New OPHI Working Paper on shame, humiliation and isolation in poverty anlaysis
- Hon Dr. Kenny Anthony, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia to champion multidimensional poverty
- New research paper proposes a measure of ‘destitution’ among the poor
- New Research in Progress paper analyses multidimensional poverty dynamics
- New OPHI working paper investigates meaning of psychological agency
- 22 governments participate in high-level meeting of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) in Berlin
- Government officials to gather in Berlin for high-level MPPN meeting next week
- New OPHI working paper proposes a regional multidimensional poverty index
- OPHI Researcher interviewed by the Movement for Global Mental Health
- New OPHI working paper on economic vulnerability in Italy
- Launch of the Global MPI 2014 picked up in the media and blogosphere
- Global MPI 2014 – key findings and resources available following London launch
- New report on baseline survey of Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index
- OPHI wins Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Celebrating Impact Prize
- OPHI job vacancy ~ Research Communications Officer
- Sabina Alkire delivers keynote speech at ALCADECA, Peru
OPHI’s John Hammock visits Accion Joven Foundation in Costa Rica
While in Costa Rica John Hammock visited the community of Carpio–one of San Jose’s most notorious slum communities. He visited a youth rescue program with the Accion Joven Foundation, a private NGO that works to bring and keep impoverished youth in school. John was able to talk to these teenage boys who used to be in gangs but who have now turned to support each other as they go back to school or get jobs. Rescuing kids from poverty is the work of this energetic Costa Rican foundation. Giving governments the tools to better reach these kids and others is what the MPI is all about.
Dominican Republic to establish a national MPI
Yesterday, the Vice President of the Dominican Republic, Dr. Margarita Cedeño de Fernández, at a Conference with 200 participants, mostly from social development agencies in the country and with participation of the UNDP, the World Bank, and OPHI Co-Founder John Hammock, stated that the government, led by the Social Council of the Government, will begin to develop multidimensional poverty measures in conjunction with the OPHI team and Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network.
She stated: “…we wanted to bring together all of the institutions that use…poverty measurement tools, and the data they collect, so that together we can refine this instrument and better capture information that is useful for making strategic decisions.” “These methodologies,” she continued, “allow for a focus on combating poverty that will make politicians [and public policy] more efficient and transparent.”
She further recognized in her speech that just because a person has money in his pocket does not necessarily mean that he is not poor; rather, combating poverty involves making sure that people can live with the dignity they deserve as human beings.
Lorenzo Jiménez de Luis, representative of the UNDP in the Dominican Republic further stated; “What we hope to do is introduce a new mechanism such that the surveys done by SIUBEN reflect the new criteria…[so that in 2015] we can launch a report about human development in the Dominican Republic based on multidimensional poverty.”
In the last two years, income poverty has been reduced in the Dominican Republic from 42.2% to 36.6%, and extreme poverty from 11.1% to 8.6%. Despite this success, the Vice President wants to continue improving the situation of poverty in the country.
In his talk in the conference John Hammock highlighted that income poverty is not a good proxy for all dimensions of poverty and stressed the impact the MPI has had in the countries that have adopted it.
OPHI has now agreed to form a new working partnership with the Government of the Dominican Republic, and looks forward to future successes in terms of poverty reduction in the country.
MPPN Meeting in Berlin Leads to Adoption of MPI in Two New Countries
OPHI is pleased to announce that it has entered into an agreement with the Government of Costa Rica. The country is committed to reducing inequality and extreme poverty, and as such has decided to adopt the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) as the national poverty measurement.
Facilitated by the Minister of Human Development and Social Inclusion, the Director of the Asociación Horizonte Positivo, OPHI Co-Founder John Hammock, and witnessed by the Second Vice-President, and the President of the Republic, this agreement represents the beginning of what will hopefully be a bright, creative, and dynamic working relationship between OPHI, Costa Rica, and the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN).
OPHI is equally as pleased to announce that it has facilitated a similar agreement with the Government of Honduras. Signed by the Minister of Coordination of the Presidency, this document represents yet another country that has actively decided to reduce poverty in its many forms.
Both Costa Rica and Honduras attended the MPPN Meeting in Berlin in July 2014, and quickly decided to adopt the MPI measure in their respective countries. These agreements are testament to the overwhelmingly positive outcomes that have been achieved through the MPPN since its creation in June 2013.
OPHI wins ESRC Celebrating Impact Prize: watch video
OPHI is very grateful to have been awarded the Economic and Social Research Council Celebrating Impact Prize. This prize is awarded to ESRC-funded researchers who are achieving outstanding economic and societal impacts through their work. OPHI was awarded the Outstanding International Impact award for its continued work towards measuring poverty multidimensionally, in the hopes of designing more effective poverty-reduction programs. For more on ESRC, click here. Watch the video describing OPHI’s work below:
New OPHI Working Paper on shame, humiliation and isolation in poverty anlaysis
OPHI has published a new Working Paper No. 71 titled ‘Shame, humiliation and social isolation: Missing dimensions of poverty and suffering analysis’ authored by China Mills, Diego Zavaleta and Kim Samuel Johnson.
While people living in poverty talk about isolation, shame, and humiliation as being key aspects of their lived experiences of suffering, until recently, there has been no international data on these aspects – making them “missing dimensions” within poverty analysis and within research into suffering. Drawing upon international fieldwork and datasets from Chile and Chad, this paper examines the relevance of social isolation, shame and humiliation in contexts of poverty, to research on suffering. The authors suggest that the use of particular indicators of shame, humiliation, and social isolation can better recognize distributions of suffering. It can also help identify individuals and sub-groups within those living in multidimensional poverty – or of the general population at large – that are affected by concrete and particularly hurtful situations. Consequently, they can help to identify levels of suffering which are higher within a specific population. The authors argue that these types of indicators could form the basis of more refined measures that help generate more concise data on suffering.
Hon Dr. Kenny Anthony, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia to champion multidimensional poverty
At the annual meeting of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) held in Berlin this July, the Honourable Dr Kenny Anthony, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia pledged to be an international champion of multidimensional approaches to measuring and eradicating poverty. The Prime Minister gave a keynote address at the gathering of high-level representatives from over 20 governments around the world. In the address he noted the utility of multidimensional measures in capturing the complex reality poor people live in the Caribbean and the world over. In his speech, Dr Anthony also outlined plans, led by the Chief Statistician of Saint Lucia, to develop a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) for the Eastern Caribbean region.
New research paper proposes a measure of ‘destitution’ among the poor
OPHI has published a new Research in Progress Paper 42a titled ‘Measuring destitution in developing countries: An ordinal approach for identifying linked subset of multidimensionally poor’ by Sabina Alkire, Adriana Conconi and Suman Seth. In the paper, the authors note that overall poverty reduction may leave the poorest behind and thus it is a fair question to ask if the poverty reduction has taken place among the poorest of the poor.
A typical measurement approach is to set a more stringent poverty cutoff and assess the situation of those that are the poorest or destitute. In income poverty measurement, they are often referred as ultra poor. This paper instead pursues a multidimensional counting methodology, building on Alkire and Foster (2011) to understand the extent of destitution in 49 developing countries across the world using the same set of dimensions and indicators used for constructing the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (Alkire and Santos 2010). Those who are poor according to these deeper deprivation cutoffs are classified as ‘destitute’.
The authors find surprisingly widespread destitution across these 49 countries housing 1.2 billion poor people – indeed around half of the MPI poor people are destitute by this measure. The paper also reports results sub-nationally for 41 countries, and illustrates how the overall change in poverty may be decomposed into changes affecting those that are destitute and those that are not.
New Research in Progress paper analyses multidimensional poverty dynamics
OPHI has published a new Research in Progress paper 41a titled ‘Multidimensional poverty dynamics: Methodology and results for 34 countries’ by Sabina Alkire, Jose Manuel Roche and Ana Vaz. The paper analyses changes in multidimensional poverty over time for over thirty countries and 338 sub-national regions, for which the authors have comparable data across at least two periods of time.
The paper first describes the absolute and relative changes in the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) and their significance, as well as changes in the composition of multidimensional poverty. Second, the paper examines changes in the MPI and its consistent partial indices over time across over 338 sub-national regions, plus a diversity of ethnic groups. In each case it identifies regions or ethnic groups where national poverty reduction is at risk of leaving the poorest subgroups behind. This extensive body of empirical evidence points to some fundamental research questions on the study of multidimensional poverty reduction.
You can read the paper here.
New OPHI working paper investigates meaning of psychological agency
OPHI has published a new Working Paper 69 titled Psychological Agency: Evidence from the urban fringe of Bamako by Elise Klein. This paper contributes to the definition and examination of psychological elements of agency and empowerment in the development literature. Currently an examination of the psychological literature reveals a lack of empirical research related to non-Western contexts and development policy. Instead, empowerment is generally defined as a favourable opportunity structure, as choice, or as the distribution of power. Klein present the results of an empirical study using inductive mixed methods to examine the central factors contributing to initiatives people undertake to improve personal and collective well-being in Bamako, Mali. It finds that informants articulated that the psychological concepts of dusu (internal motivation) and ka da I yèrè la (self-efficacy) were most important to their purposeful agency.
You can read OPHI Working Paper 69 in full here.
22 governments participate in high-level meeting of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) in Berlin
Ministers from over 20 countries belonging to the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) gathered in Berlin this week to endorse multidimensional poverty as an overall goal of the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and endorse the establishment of a new MPI 2015+ measure of extreme poverty in the post-2015 development context. The network and its participants endorsed Multidimensional Poverty Indices (MPIs) as a powerful policy tool for enhanced poverty reduction at the regional, national and subnational level, with the ability to illuminate the state and progress of marginalised groups.
Keynote speeches were given by:
- HE Dr Kenny Anthony, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia
- HE Dr Margarita Cedeño de Fernández
- Vice-President of the Dominican Republic
- Juan Manuel Valle Pereña, Executive Director of the Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation, Government of Mexico
The event, the first high-level meeting of the Network since its launch at the University of Oxford in June 2013, provided a forum for senior delegates to share conceptual, methodological and practical information on the implementation of multidimensional poverty measures in their respective countries.
Hosted by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the meeting brought together Vice Presidents, Ministers and Deputy Ministers from 25 governments, including Bhutan, Brazil, China, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Mozambique, Nigeria, Turkey, South Africa and Vietnam. Senior representatives from international institutions such as OECD, UNDP, Southern African Development Community (SADC), Organization of American States (OAS) and the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) were also present.
At the meeting the network launched the official Multidimensional Poverty Network website that gives information about the work of poverty being conducted by each participant country. Presentations given during the event are available to view on the website and the communiqué issued by the network can be read here.
Government officials to gather in Berlin for high-level MPPN meeting next week
Between 7-8 July 2014, senior representatives from nearly 30 governments and international institutions will gather in Berlin, Germany for a high-level meeting of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network, of which Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative is the Secretariat.
The event, the first high-level meeting of the Network since its launch at the University of Oxford in June 2013, will provide a forum for senior delegates to share conceptual, methodological and practical information on the implementation of multidimensional poverty measures in their respective countries.
Hosted by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the meeting brings together Vice Presidents, Ministers and Deputy Ministers from 25 governments, including Bhutan, Brazil, China, Chile, Colombia, Mexico Mozambique, Nigeria, Turkey, South Africa and Vietnam. Senior representatives from international institutions such as OECD, UNDP, Southern African Development Community (SADC), Organization of American States (OAS) and the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) will also be present. There will be over 20 presentations during the meeting, showcasing different experiences in addressing multidimensional poverty and/or designing national and subnational multidimensional measures.
• Presentations from over 18 governments on their steps toward developing multidimensional measures of poverty;
• Keynote speeches from HE Dr Margarita Cedeño de Fernández, Vice-President of the Dominican Republic on the 7th of July; and Juan Manuel Valle Pereña, Executive Director of the Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation, Government of Mexico, and HE Dr Kenny Anthony, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia on the 8th of July;
• A roundtable discussions about multidimensional poverty in the post-2015 development agenda.
The high-level meeting furthers the network’s mission to provide international support to policymakers engaged in or exploring the construction of multidimensional poverty measures. It provides a forum for South-South exchanges on topics such as measurement design and the political processes and institutional arrangements that sustain new measures.
New OPHI working paper proposes a regional multidimensional poverty index
OPHI has published a new Working Paper 66 titled Measuring Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Previous Experience and the Way Forward by Maria Emma Santos. This paper states the need to design a multidimensional poverty index for the Latin America region (LA-MPI) that can monitor poverty trends in a cross-country comparable way, yet is also relevant to the particular regional context. Santos reviews the region’s rich experience with multidimensional poverty measurement, as well as Europe’s experiences with multidimensional measurement. Drawing from the review, she outlines an LA-MPI composed of five dimensions: basic consumptions, education, health, housing and basic services, and work. The paper then lists the indicators within those dimensions that are desirable, as well as what indicators are feasible given existing data constraints.
You can read OPHI Working Paper 66 in full here.
OPHI Researcher interviewed by the Movement for Global Mental Health
The Movement for Global Mental Health (MGMH) Newsletter has published a substantive interview with one of the movement’s most prominent critics, OPHI Researcher, China Mills, author of Decolonizing Global Mental Health: The psychiatrization of the majority world. In an interview with Jagannath Lamichhane, the Principal Coordinator of the MGMH, China Mills fleshes out and shares her ideas and critical voice of dissent regarding the Movement and the future of mental health.
In the interview Mills notes that “If we understand distress, that may well be due to harsh living conditions, as being caused by something inside people’s brains, then we are likely to intervene at the level of the individual, and not at a wider systemic level.” Mills points out that the suggestion that people in some poorer African or Asian countries do not have enough access to treatment “assumes that psychiatry is the only ‘treatment’ for distress, overlooking local and traditional healing practices.”
You can read the full interview here.
New OPHI working paper on economic vulnerability in Italy
OPHI has published a new Working Paper 70 titled Measuring Conjoint Vulnerabilities in Italy: An Asset-Based Approach, by Adolfo Morrone. The paper uses an asset-based approach focusing on the resources that individuals and households can draw upon to reduce economic vulnerability and strengthen their resilience.
Vulnerability is a much broader concept, affecting a potentially larger share of the population than “poverty” or “social exclusion”. Many types of risk have serious financial consequences. Those with the highest net worth (total assets minus liabilities), or with the ability to borrow or access credit, are best able to continue to meet their consumption needs when confronting adverse shocks. While the poor are less likely to have the assets they need or access to insurance or credit to protect themselves against shocks, the asset-poor and the income-poor are not necessarily the same groups. The paper uses the indicators identified in the OECD report on measuring vulnerability and resilience in OECD countries to build a conjoint vulnerability index (CVI) for Italian regions.
You can read OPHI Working Paper 70 in full here.
Launch of the Global MPI 2014 picked up in the media and blogosphere
The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2014 was launched on 16 June 2014 with presentations by the co-authors Ana Vaz, Suman Seth, Adriana Conconi and Sabina Alkire (from left to right, right). To access all the Global MPI 2014 resources, click here.
The index was the focus of a feature in prestigious magazine The Atlantic. ‘Good news: Economists at Oxford have come up with a better method for measuring global poverty,’ states the strapline. ‘[The Global MPI 2014] is being touted as the most accurate reflection of the world’s poor, a sort of census of the global impoverished population,’ it goes on to say. You can read the feature in full here.
The launch of the Global MPI 2014 was also heralded on Duncan Green’s high-profile ‘From Poverty to Power‘ blog on 16 June 2014. Green describes the index as ‘fascinating’; ‘every now and then, I get caught up in some of the nerdy excitement generated by measuring the state of the world,’ he writes. You can read the post in full here.
Green’s blog was re-published widely, including on the World Bank’s People, Spaces, Deliberation blog.
Voice of America (VOA) also covered the launch of the Global MPI 2014, publishing an article titled ‘Poverty Called Multidimensional‘. The article features an interview with OPHI’s Director Sabina Alkire in which she explains the need for a multidimensional measure of poverty to complement income measures.
“It needs a measure that looks at the other aspects of people’s lives — like bad health, bad education, no water and sanitation or poor housing – and sees how they’re doing in those,” she told VOA, the official external broadcast institution of the United States federal government. “Because it’s actually not the same people who are poor in both. And so both measures together give a more balanced picture of how people are living.”
You can read the article in full here.
The Global MPI 2014 findings were also picked up in India; RTT News and The Hindu BusinessLine ran stories under the headline ‘India is poorest in South Asia after Afghanistan’, while the Hindustan Times went with ’343mn people destitute in India: Oxford study’.
The launch was also flagged up by Andy Sumner in an article for the Global Policy Journal. Sumner, who co-directs the International Development Institute at Kings’ College London, analyses expected revisions in income poverty estimates and suggests more attention should be given to multidimensional poverty data in the article, titled ‘Did Global Poverty just fall a lot, quite a bit or not at all?’.
Global MPI 2014 – key findings and resources available following London launch
Key findings and resources from the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2014 are available following the launch of this year’s index in London on 16 June 2014, including an at-a-glance overview of our findings and a 2014 synthesis of main results in eight pages. We have policy briefings on destitution, on rural-urban multidimensional poverty, on inequality among the multidimensionally poor and on changes in multidimensional poverty over time .
For the non-experts and youth we have intuitive infographics; for those who want a human angle, we have new stories from Cameroon and India. And for more technical users we have data tables on Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI 2014), on MPI in Rural-Urban Areas, on MPI by Subnational Regions, and on Changes in MPI and Destitution over time. We also have new draft papers on Destitution, Poverty Dynamics, and Inequality.
You can also watch a video contribution from Amina Mohammed, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on Post-2015 Development Planning, which featured in the launch.
The Global MPI is an international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries which provides invaluable insights for the post-2015 development agenda. At the launch, OPHI presented new estimations for 30 countries covering 2.5 billion people, and released new studies that answer the following questions:
- What percentage of MPI poor people live in rural vs urban areas? We will release urban-rural disaggregations of our data for all 108 countries, as well as disaggregated data for nearly 800 subnational regions.
- Who are the destitute and where do they live?We have identified millions of people who are MPI poor yet also suffer deeper deprivations – such as severe malnutrition, the tragic loss of two or more children, practising open defecation, or not owning so much as a mobile phone or radio. We expose sobering facts on where they live and how they are poor – and where destitution was reduced most – to help policymakers fight extreme poverty more effectively.
- Reducing MPI poverty – LICs and LDC heroes. This in-depth study tracks changes in MPI poverty over time for 2.5 billion people, and reveals impressive leadership among some low income and least developed countries. Surprising subnational patterns emerge as well – in one country, the poorest ethnic group reduced poverty the most; in another, not at all.
- Inequality and Disparity . Distilling information from each person’s deprivation score in over 90 countries, and the MPI values of nearly 800 subnational regions, we release new measures of inequality among the poor, and of disparity in poverty across regions.
Taken together, these studies demonstrate the value for policy of a global index of multidimensional poverty that reflects deprivations directly (without the need for PPPs), complements monetary measures, and can be disaggregated to provide powerful insights. We look forward to your input in debating the relevance of an improved MPI 2015+ for the drive to eradicate poverty post-2015.
Speakers at the event included OPHI’s Sabina Alkire, Adriana Conconi, Suman Seth and Ana Vaz, co-authors of this year’s MPI outputs. The event also featured a contribution from Amina Mohammed, Special Advisor to the Secretary-General on Post-2015 Development Planning, and reflections from Kevin Watkins, Executive Director at the ODI, and James Foster, OPHI Research Associate and Professor of Economics and International Affairs at The Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University.
The event was video streamed live, and the footage will be available to watch online soon; please check our website for details.
New report on baseline survey of Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index
The Women’s Empowerment Global Synthesis Report has been launched by the U.S. Government’s global hunger and food security initiative, Feed the Future. The report, co-authored by OPHI Director Sabina Alkire, provides a comprehensive analysis of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) baseline survey results for thirteen countries.
The WEAI is the first-ever measure to directly capture women’s empowerment and inclusion levels in the agricultural sector. Developed by USAID, the International Food Policy Research Institute and OPHI, the index is an innovative tool that tracks women’s engagement in agriculture in five areas: production, resources, income, leadership and time use.
The new report summarizes both findings from the WEAI survey and the relationships between the WEAI and various outcomes of interest to the US Government’s Feed the Future initiative. These poverty, health, and nutrition outcomes include both factors that might affect empowerment and outcomes that might result from empowerment.
The analysis includes thirteen countries from five regions and compares their baseline survey scores. WEAI scores range from a high of 0.98 in Cambodia to a low of 0.66 in Bangladesh. Within Africa, West African countries have the lowest WEAI scores, followed by southern Africa with higher scores, and then East Africa, with the highest scores. These numbers provide an important measure of future progress, as baseline surveys for the remainder of Feed the Future countries are completed and additional rounds of data are collected during the midline and endline surveys.
OPHI wins Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Celebrating Impact Prize
The ESRC is the UK’s largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues, and is committed to supporting independent, high quality research which has an impact on business, the public sector and the third sector. The ESRC Celebrating Impact Prize is an opportunity to celebrate the achievements of ESRC-funded researchers. This year’s winners and runners up were announced at an awards ceremony held at The Royal Society in London on 5 June 2014.
The applications were judged by a panel of experts from business, academia and the public sector. Shortlisted entrants were invited to attend an interview, with a user of their research, to further demonstrate to the panel their role in achieving outstanding research impact. The winners each received a trophy and £10,000 to promote the economic and social impacts of their research. Second prize winners received £5,000, also to invest in impact activities.
There were five main categories in the prize, in addition to a Lifetime Achievement Award which can be viewed here, along with the full list of the prize winners.
OPHI job vacancy ~ Research Communications Officer
Applications are invited for a full-time, fixed-term post of a Research Communications Officer, starting as soon as possible for one year in the first instance. The postholder will draft written materials to promote and disseminate OPHI’s work; ensure that research work is published in a timely fashion in paper and online; and proactively manage OPHI’s website, building content and developing sections such as the online training portal. The successful applicant will be expected to oversee the communication aspects of all OPHI events, play a role in nurturing relationships, and represent OPHI at some events.
Applicants must have extensive experience in publications and editing, and experience of updating and maintaining the content of a website. Also essential are excellent writing skills, proven organisational skills, and the ability to function effectively in a team environment. An understanding of or an interest in development and poverty is important, as is some experience of media and public relations.
Details of further particulars and on how to apply can be found here.
Only applications received before 12.00 noon on Monday 23 June 2014 can be considered.
Sabina Alkire delivers keynote speech at ALCADECA, Peru
OPHI’s Director Sabina Alkire delivered the keynote speech at the closing plenary of the Fifth Conference of the Latin American and Caribbean Association for Human Development and the Capabilities Approach (ALCADECA), held in Lima, Peru, from 14-16 May 2014.
The conference, titled ‘Ethics, Agency and Human Development’, focused on the agency effectively exercised by citizens in decades of substantial economic growth, social policy expansion and diversification of government styles in Latin American and the Caribbean. It was attended by academics, researchers, policymakers and practitioners working in different arenas.
Punto Edu, the newspaper of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP), published an interview with Alkire which can be read here. OPHI’s Director was also interviewed by the magazine La Mula on economic growth and poverty measurement, for a piece that can be read here.
The conference closed an intensive two-week trip around the Americas by Alkire and other members of the OPHI team. Highlights of the trip included: presentations at the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) in New York; a lecture at the Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City; and a lecture at the Universidad de la Republica in Montevideo, Uruguay.
Latest news from the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative