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Join OPHI at the Ashmolean Museum’s Live Friday on 15 May

OPHI will present a short play exploring multidimensional poverty at the Ashmolean Museum’s next Live Friday event on 15 May.

‘Poverty on the table’, produced and performed by Oxford-based theatre company Justice in Motion, will start at 8.15pm and 9.45pm in the Ashmolean’s lecture theatre and run for approximately 15 minutes.

Live Friday: Social Animals has been organised in collaboration with the University of Oxford’s Social Sciences Division, with many departments and research centres taking part. The Ashmolean’s galleries will be open after hours for an evening of live performances, creative workshops and lively talks showcasing research from across the division.

Other activities hosted by centres in the Oxford Department of International Development include:

  • A performance-experience centred around migration, exclusion and discrimination from the International Migration Institute
  • Interactive activities exploring dietary diversity around the world from Young Lives
  • An exhibition of photographs by and about refugees courtesy of the Refugee Studies Centre (RSC) and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency

Entrance to Live Friday is free of charge and the evening runs from 7pm – 10.30pm. Find out more about the evening and watch a trailer for the event on the Ashmolean’s Facebook page.

The Ashmolean Museum is located on Beaumont Street in Oxford. Plan your visit.

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OPHI, the MPPN and the Government of Colombia host special side-event at Cartagena Data Festival

OPHI, the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) and the Government of Colombia hosted a special side event at the Cartagena Data Festival on 21 April 2015. The event presented a new multidimensional poverty measure that can help to “end poverty in all its forms everywhere” – a key component of the first goal of the final Open Working Group proposal for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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Featuring a high-level dialogue among eminent panelists, the special event highlighted the Colombian national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) and the newly proposed regional MPI for Latin America. It also showed how a Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (the MPI 2015+), supported by a data revolution, as part of the core poverty indicators of the SDGs can help to eradicate extreme poverty after 2015. The MPI 2015+ complements income poverty measures and shines a high-resolution lens on poverty, showing who is poor and how they are poor, helping to ensure that the SDGs “leave no one behind”.

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Speakers included:

  • Tatyana Orozco, Director, Department for Social Prosperity, Colombia
  • Xavier Mancero, Senior Statistician, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
  • Sabina Alkire, Director, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford

Further information

Find out more about the Global MPI 2015+ and the Colombian MPI.

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New research explores how women’s empowerment in agriculture matters for nutrition in Ghana

A new study published in the Food Policy journal has used the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) to explore links between empowerment and nutrition among women in Ghana.

Researchers from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) looked at women’s empowerment in the five domains included in the WEAI: production, resources, income, leadership, and time use. The assessed the extent that women’s empowerment is linked to the adoption of infant and young child feeding (ICYF) practices and nutrition outcomes for women and children.

Their results show that not all domains of empowerment are associated with all nutrition practices and outcomes but that different domains may have different impacts.

For example, there was a strong link between women participating in credit decisions and having a diverse diet, although participation in credit decisions did not reduce the likelihood of women being underweight. In households where the female decision-maker is involved in production decisions, girls were nine per cent more likely to be exclusively breast-fed between 0-6 months.

Overall, women’s empowerment was more strongly associated with IYCF practices than nutrition outcomes.

There were also surprising negative associations. For example, women being involved in production decisions was linked to girls in the household having a less diverse diet.

The researchers note that previous work on the WEAI in Bangladesh and Nepal has revealed different associations between domains of empowerment and nutritional outcomes. They emphasise that this indicates policies designed to empower women and improve nutritional status need to be based on understanding which specific domains of women’s empowerment matter for particular outcomes in a specific context.

The WEAI was launched in March 2012 by OPHI with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and IFPRI. Unlike any other tool, it also measures women’s empowerment relative to men within their households, providing a more robust understanding of gender dynamics within households and communities.

Further information

What dimensions of women’s empowerment in agriculture matter for nutrition in Ghana?’, by Hazel Jean L. Malapit and Agnes R. Quisumbing, was published in Food Policy in April 2015.

Read an article on the findings by Lawrence Haddad in the Development Horizons blog.

Find out more about the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index on the OPHI website and download training materials.

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OPHI working paper reveals differences in multidimensional poverty across Sudan and South Sudan

Multidimensional poverty is greater in South Sudan than in Sudan, but experiences of the poor vary significantly by gender, age and geographical region, a new OPHI working paper has found.

Paola Ballon from the Universidad Del Pacifico in Peru and the University of Oxford, and Jean-Yves Duclos from Laval University in Canada, analysed data from the National Baseline Household Surveys (NBHS) of 2009. Focusing on two population subgroups, children aged six to fourteen and adults aged fifteen or over, they assessed poverty in four dimensions:

  • education;
  • consumption of food and non-food items, including clothing and transport expenses;
  • access to public assets such as waste disposal and sanitation; and
  • possession of private assets such as vehicles and multimedia goods.

Considering each dimension of poverty separately, the researchers found significant differences between the two countries and across different sections of the population. Their findings showed, for example, that illiteracy rates are higher and concentrated among the younger population in South Sudan, in contrast to Sudan, where illiteracy is more present among older age groups.

Overall, poverty was higher in South Sudan than in Sudan in all four dimensions, with the greatest gap between the two countries being in education poverty. Among adults in Sudan, the highest incidence of poverty was in private assets and the lowest was in education, while in South Sudan the greatest incidence of poverty was found in education and the lowest in consumption. Differences were similarly found in the poverty profiles of children across the two countries.

The researchers also used a combined measure of the four dimensions to analyse multidimensional poverty rates in each country.

They found that the proportion of the adult population living in multidimensional poverty was significantly higher in South Sudan (73%) than Sudan (49%), although the average intensity of poverty experienced by the poor was very similar across the two countries. The results indicate that private assets and education are the dimensions that contribute most to adult multidimensional poverty in Sudan and South Sudan respectively.

Multidimensional poverty was also greater among children in South Sudan (70%) than Sudan (59%). Among both children and adults in the two countries, multidimensional poverty was highest among those living in rural areas.

Looking at multidimensional poverty across sub-national regions, the lowest rates of poverty in Sudan and South Sudan were found in Khartoum and Western Equatoria respectively, while the highest rates were found in Western Darfur and Warap.

The researchers emphasise that policies aimed at reducing poverty in both countries should take into account differences in poverty levels across gender, age groups and geographical areas, to ensure resources can be efficiently targeted.

Read the full paper

Multidimensional Poverty in Sudan and South Sudan’, by Paola Ballon and Jean-Yves Duclos, was published in the OPHI working paper series in April 2015.

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Leaving no-one behind: Who are the poorest poor?

National averages of poverty often hide where the poorest people in the world live, according to a new study published in the Journal of International Development.

Researchers from OPHI, King’s College London and Save the Children UK, analysed data from household surveys carried out from 2003-2012 in 108 countries. Using the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), a measure of poverty that accounts for multiple deprivations experienced by the poor across health, education and living standards, they compared three different criteria to identifying the poorest billion people in the world:

  • Who are the poorest billion people from the poorest countries in the world?
  • Who are the poorest billion people from the world’s poorest subnational regions?
  • Which billion individuals experience the greatest intensity of poverty, and where do they live?

The research found that considering the intensity of poverty experienced by individuals, defined by the number of deprivations they suffer across different areas of their lives, can more accurately reveal who the poorest billion people are than looking only at those living in the world’s poorest countries or subnational regions.

When all countries were ranked by their MPI values, from the poorest to the least poor, the combined number of poor people living in the 28 poorest countries constituted the ‘bottom billion’. Ninety-nine per cent of this number lived in South Asian and Sub-Saharan African countries. When all subnational regions were ranked, the bottom billion was made up of the poor from 307 regions across 45 countries. Ninety-seven per cent lived in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

However, these results overlook people who do not live in the countries or regions that are poorest overall, but who may suffer extreme poverty individually. For example, 99 million people experiencing the most severe poverty, or greatest number of deprivations, live in China, while Indonesia is home to 16 million people in intense poverty, yet neither of these countries, or their regions, has an MPI that places them among the world’s poorest.

Similarly, considering only the poorest countries and regions does not reveal the existence of more than 1.5 million of those suffering intense poverty in both South Africa and Turkey, and more than one million in each Bolivia, Brazil, Egypt, Morocco, Peru and Vietnam. Overall, identifying the world’s poorest billion people by the intensity of their individual deprivations reveals that 15 per cent live outside South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

The question of identifying where the poorest live is particularly relevant in the context of the post-2015 agenda and Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to ‘leave no-one behind’. The researchers emphasise the importance of accurately monitoring how the world’s poorest are distributed, in order to ensure resources and policies can be effectively targeted to eradicate poverty. They highlight the flexibility the MPI offers as a measure of poverty that can be broken down beyond national boundaries to reveal the experiences of the poor at both regional and group levels, including across rural and urban areas and different ethnic populations, but also on an individual basis.

Read the full paper

Gated access: ‘Identifying the Poorest People and Groups: Strategies Using the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index’, by Sabina Alkire, Jose Manuel Roche, Suman Seth and Andrew Sumner, was published in the Journal of International Development in April 2015

Working paper access: ‘Identifying the Poorest People and Groups: Strategies Using the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index’, by Sabina Alkire, Jose Manuel Roche, Suman Seth and Andrew Sumner, was published in the OPHI working paper series in November 2014.

Multidimensional poverty measurement in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Read more about OPHI’s proposal for a Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2015+ in the SDGs.

Download OPHI’s 4-page briefing paper on Multidimensional Poverty in the SDGs.

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New OPHI working paper explores measuring wellbeing for public policy

A new working paper published by OPHI presents Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach as a framework for measuring well-being to inform public policy.

The paper, by OPHI director Sabina Alkire, highlights how the Capability Approach conceives of wellbeing as the freedom people have to enjoy valuable activities and states – their functionings and capabilities instead of resources or utility.

It outlines how the Alkire Foster (AF) method, used extensively for multidimensional poverty measurement and reduction, can be interpreted as a measure of capability poverty and used to identify the functionings or capabilities that a person might or might not have – such as being able to be well-nourished, literate, sheltered from bad weather, and safe from violence.

The paper explores how the Royal Government of Bhutan has extended this methodology to wellbeing measurement in their official Gross National Happiness (GNH) Index. Released in 2008 and updated in 2012, Bhutan’s multidimensional GNH Index measures the population’s wellbeing in nine domains, including health, education, community vitality and time use. It is linked to a set of policy and programming tools and provides incentives for the government, NGOs and businesses of Bhutan to increase GNH.

Read the full paper

The Capability Approach and Well-Being Measurement for Public Policy’, by Sabina Alkire, was published in the OPHI working paper series in March 2015.

Find out more about the Alkire Foster method.

Further information on Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness Index

The Royal Government’s website for the Index, www.grossnationalhappiness.com, provides further information, including a short guide and an extensive analysis of GNH.  These same documents can also be found on the OPHI website (short and extensive).

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Blog: Statisticians as Global Change Makers

With the Sustainable Development Goals due to be adopted by the UN in September, a new blog post by OPHI’s John Hammock looks at the integral role that statisticians will play in measuring their success over the next 15 years.

In particular, the blog discusses how statisticians might tackle the issue of measuring multidimensional poverty, a concept that has gained increasing recognition in recent years, emphasising that poverty is not just about income but encompasses many overlapping disadvantages that poor people can experience simultaneously – including, for example, health, education and living standards. It draws attention to the growing number of countries that have launched or are in the process of developing official national measures of multidimensional poverty.

John Hammock is Co-Founder and Director of Outreach at OPHI.

Read the full blog post

Statisticians as Global Change Makers‘ was published in Debating Development, a blog from the University of Oxford’s Department of International Development, on 9 April 2015.

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Partner organisations call for child poverty indicators in the Sustainable Development Goals

Child poverty indicators should be included in the monitoring framework for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a coalition of partners working to end child poverty has argued.

In a briefing paper published on 31 March, the coalition, which includes OPHI, emphasised that indicators of monetary and multidimensional child poverty are needed to measure progress towards the proposed SDGs target to halve child poverty by 2030. It specifies that these should include:

  • Percentage of population living on less than $1.25 (PPP) per day, disaggregated by age to capture the child poverty rate;
  • Proportion of children (0-17) below the national poverty line;
  • Proportion of children (0-17) living in multidimensional poverty.

The briefing paper also recommends that tackling inequalities should be a central focus of the monitoring framework to ensure the poorest and most disadvantaged children are reached and no child is left behind.  It stresses that data collection for the most vulnerable children – who can be bypassed in surveys and programmes – must be improved.

Partner organisations in the coalition are: Overseas Development Institute, Save the Children, Institute of Development Studies, OPHI, Young Lives, Unicef, World Vision, Child Fund International, ATD Fourth World, FXB Center for Health & Human Rights, the African Child Policy Forum, SOS Children’s Villages, Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP), UN Major Group for Children & Youth and BRAC.

Further information

Read the full brief: ‘Child poverty indicators to measure progress for the SDGs 

Read an article on the brief at the post2015.org website: ‘Indicators to measure child poverty in the SDGs‘ by  Richard Morgan, Director of Child Poverty Global Initiative at Save the Children International, and David Stewart, Chief of Child Poverty and Social Protection at UNICEF, and co-chairs of the Coalition of Partners Working to End Child Poverty

Read a briefing paper on child poverty using the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index: ‘Are children among the poorest?‘ by OPHI Research Officer Ana Vaz

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Multidimensional living conditions index for Grenada identifies those most in need

New research published in the OPHI working paper series has proposed a multidimensional living conditions index for Grenada to identify the country’s most deprived households.

Researchers from the University of Essex, the Colombian Government and the University of Oxford constructed the Grenadian living conditions index (GLCI) to provide an effective targeting tool for poverty reduction policies, enabling resources to be focused on those most in need.

The GLCI prioritises quality of life and living conditions, rather than income or expenditure. Based on the Alkire Foster method and related methodologies, it provides a combined measure of 22 different indicators of poverty, which are grouped into seven dimensions:

  • demographic and health vulnerability;
  • childhood conditions;
  • household educational environment;
  • educative services access;
  • labour conditions;
  • resources at home; and
  • dwelling conditions and access to dwelling services.

To ensure that poverty reduction policies can be accurately targeted and measured, the proposed GLCI can be broken down to reveal how households are poor (which indicators they are deprived in) and the degree of deprivation they experience (how far they are from the determined poverty threshold), as well as showing changes in poverty over time.

The index can be tailored according to the focus and criteria of each social programme, for example, by enabling policymakers to change eligibility thresholds. It can also be compared to information on expenditure poverty to maximise precision in identifying which households are eligible for public assistance.

Read the full paper

Targeting Grenada’s Most Deprived Population: A Multidimensional Living Conditions Assessment’, by Yadira Diaz, Francisco Alejandro Espinoza, Yvonni Markaki and Lina Maria Sanchez-Cespedes, was published in the OPHI working paper series in March 2015.

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OPHI staff visit Ivory Coast to discuss multidimensional poverty measurement in Africa

OPHI researcher Bouba Housseini and co-founder John Hammock were in the Ivory Coast from 16-21 March where they gave presentations on the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) at the African Development Bank and the UNDP Africa Economists Cluster Meeting.

The presentations were followed by discussion on the possible application of an MPI in Africa, and technical aspects of the measure.

An MPI would capture the different types of disadvantage that each poor person experiences at the same time – this could include, for example, poor sanitation, malnutrition, lack of education, poor quality of work, or violence. Countries can select different indicators and cut-offs of poverty according to their contexts, to create their own nationally-relevant MPIs.

As well as providing a headline measure of multidimensional poverty within a population, an MPI can be broken down to reveal how people are poor, where the poorest people live, and the intensity of the deprivations they experience.

During their stay in Abidjan, Bouba Housseini and John Hammock also attended the three day International Conference on the Emergence of Africa.

Further information

Read about local, national and international policy applications of the Alkire Foster method.

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OPHI research shows mixed results in multidimensional poverty reduction across India between 1999 and 2006

Multidimensional poverty reduction in India has not been equal for all regions, castes or religious groups, according to a paper by OPHI researchers published in the World Development journal.

Using data from the Indian National Family Health Survey in 1998-99 and 2005-06, the paper presents a multidimensional index of poverty (MPI) for India, which is strictly comparable across time.  The MPI includes ten different indicators of poverty – covering health, education and living standards – to reflect the multiple disadvantages that poor people can experience.

The index revealed that national multidimensional poverty fell overall in India between 1999 and 2006 by 1.2 percentage points per year, although the researchers note that the rate of reduction was much slower than in neighbouring countries such as Nepal and Bangladesh.

However, the reduction in multidimensional poverty was faster than the annual decrease in the percentage of the population living below India’s national income poverty line, which fell from 45.3 per cent in 1993 to 37.2 per cent in 2005.

The researchers also looked at the level of poverty reduction among different subgroups of the population. They found that the decrease was greatest among groups that already had lower levels of multidimensional poverty in 1999. This pattern contrasts with the change in income poverty across states between 1993-94 and 2004-05, where the poorest states reduced poverty at a faster rate.

Among castes and tribes, the reduction in multidimensional poverty was slowest for the poorest group, Scheduled Tribes. Similarly, across religious groups, Muslims, the poorest subgroup in 1999, saw the least reduction in the next seven years.

The fall in multidimensional poverty levels was also slower among those living in urban areas than rural areas. In 1999, 24.4 per cent of the urban population lived in multidimensional poverty, compared to 20.5 per cent in 2006. Among the rural population, the percentage of those living in multidimensional poverty fell from 68.6 per cent in 1999 to 60.8 per cent in 2006.

The paper additionally explores changes in the proportion of people who are intensely poor – defined as being deprived in more than half of the MPI’s ten indicators – and deeply poor – those who experience the severest levels of deprivation in a third or more of the indicators. The findings showed that, in 1999, 19.3 per cent of the Indian population were both deeply and intensely poor. Although this figure decreased by 2006, nationally 13.9 per cent of the population – over 140 million people – were still simultaneously intensely and deeply poor.

Read the full paper

Multidimensional Poverty Reduction in India between 1999 and 2006: Where and How?’, by Sabina Alkire and Suman Seth, was published online in the World Development journal in March 2015.

An earlier version of the paper was published in the OPHI working paper series in March 2013.

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Blog: Two months, two new policies, two parts of the world

In a new blog post, OPHI’s John Hammock looks at the new approach to measuring poverty recently adopted in Chile and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

The blog discusses how leaders in both places have embraced the idea that poverty is more than just a lack of money – that poor people can experience multiple disadvantages at the same time, such as poor health and nutrition, no access to water or electricity, and a lack of education or employment.

It explores how the newly introduced poverty measure – the Multidimensional Poverty Index – reveals the different ways that people are poor in each place, enabling policymakers to target their resources and fight poverty more effectively.

John Hammock is Co-Founder and Director of Outreach at OPHI.

Read the full blog post

‘A tale of twos: Two months, two new policies, two parts of the world’ was published in Debating Development, a blog from the University of Oxford’s Department of International Development.

The blog was reposted in Revista Humanum, UNDP’s Spanish-language online journal.

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Available now: Podcasts and presentations from OPHI lunchtime seminars

Podcasts and presentations from OPHI’s lunchtime series held in Michaelmas 2014-15 are now available to download on our website, via iTunes U and through the University of Oxford Podcast series.

The first term of the 2014-15 academic year saw OPHI hosting lectures and talks on different applications of multidimensional poverty measurement, and a well-attended special guest lecture on the politics of reform in the public sector by Michael Woolcock from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government.

The data presented in the seminars covered a wide range of countries and regions that included Chile, India, Peru, the EU-SILC, United Kingdom and sub-Saharan Africa. Topics varied from multidimensional poverty and ageing, inclusive growth, poverty and shame, inequality, growth elasticities and counting measures.

OPHI’s Lunchtime Seminar Series is held in each of the University of Oxford’s three terms. You can download the presentations and listen to the podcasts of weekly talks as they are made available on the website here.

The last seminar in this term’s series will take place on 9 March at 1pm in seminar room 3, Queen Elizabeth House, 3 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TB. OPHI Director Sabina Alkire will speak on ‘A Multidimensional Poverty Index in the Sustainable Development Goals – interim reflections’. Everyone is welcome, and a complimentary sandwich lunch is available on a first come, first served basis.

Further information

Find the podcasts and accompanying presentations of past and ongoing Lunchtime Seminar Series on the OPHI website.

Listen to the podcasts on iTunes U or the University of Oxford Podcasts series.

 

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Online now: Chapter ten of OPHI’s book on Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis

Chapter ten of OPHI’s forthcoming book, ‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis’, is now available to download as a working paper.

The book provides an in-depth account of multidimensional poverty comparison methodologies, with a particular focus on the Alkire Foster method. It is aimed at graduate students in quantitative social sciences, researchers of poverty measurement, and technical staff in governments and international agencies.

Chapter ten of the book presents a new measure of inequality among the poor. The same measure is then extended to analyse disparities across different population subgroups. The chapter also elaborates a measure of chronic multidimensional poverty.

‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement & Analysis’, by Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José  Manuel Roche and Paola Ballon, will be published in hardcopy in June 2015 and can be pre-ordered from Oxford University Press.

Read chapter ten

Chapter ten is available to download as OPHI working paper number 91: Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 10 -Some Regression Models for AF measures. It will also be published electronically on the book website, multidimensionalpoverty.org, in early 2015.

Further information

Chapters one – four have been electronically published on the book website, multidimensionalpoverty.org, and are also available to download as OPHI working papers.

Chapters five – nine are available to download as OPHI working papers and will be published electronically on multidimensionalpoverty.org in early 2015, along with related study and teaching resources.

Find out more about the book.

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OPHI and MPPN host UN side-event on multidimensional poverty measurement

IMG_8530OPHI and the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network – a group of senior representatives from over 40 governments and international institutions – hosted a special side-event on multidimensional poverty measurement at the 46th session of the UN Statistical Commission on Monday 2 March 2015.

The side event, which was standing-room only, highlighted how multidimensional poverty measurement can help to ‘end poverty in all its forms everywhere’ – a key component of the first goal of the final Open Working Group proposal for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and of the Secretary General’s Synthesis report.

Featuring presentations by eminent panellists and discussion among all participants, the event demonstrated how national MPIs and an improved Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (the MPI 2015+), supported by a data revolution, can help to eradicate extreme poverty post-2015 as part of the core poverty indicators of the SDGs.

The MPI 2015+ complements income poverty measures and shines a high-resolution lens on poverty, showing who is poor and revealing the different types of disadvantage that each poor person experiences at the same time – for example, poor sanitation, malnutrition, unemployment or a lack of education – to ensure the SDGs ‘leave no-one behind’.

Multidimensional poverty measures have generated substantial interest and support in recent years. The governments of Mexico, Colombia, Bhutan, the Philippines, Chile and the state government of Minas Gerais (Brazil), and Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), use official multidimensional poverty measures, while many other governments are in the process of developing or exploring their use.

Presentations from the panellists at the event are available to download below:

Notes from the event

Notes from the event will be available here soon.

Further information

Read more about the Global MPI 2015+ in the SDGs.

Download OPHI’s 4-page briefing document: Multidimensional Poverty Index 2015+.

IMG_8567 IMG_8575 IMG_8552

 

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Now available: Chapter nine of OPHI’s book on Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis

Chapter nine of OPHI’s forthcoming book, ‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis’, is now available to download as a working paper.

The book provides an in-depth account of multidimensional poverty comparison methodologies, with a particular focus on the Alkire Foster method. It is aimed at graduate students in quantitative social sciences, researchers of poverty measurement, and technical staff in governments and international agencies.

Chapter nine of the book looks at how the methodological tool-kit for multidimensional poverty measurement presented in chapter five can be extended in order to understand inequality among the poor and changes in poverty over time.

‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement & Analysis’, by Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José  Manuel Roche and Paola Ballon, will be published in hardcopy in June 2015 and can be pre-ordered from Oxford University Press.

Read chapter nine

Chapter nine is available to download as OPHI working paper number 90: Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 9 – Distribution and Dynamics. It will also be published electronically on the book website, multidimensionalpoverty.org, in early 2015.

Further information

Chapters one – three of the book have been published online and are also available to download as an OPHI working paper.

Chapters four – eight are available to download as OPHI working papers and will be published electronically in early 2015.

Electronic versions of all chapters will be made available on multidimensionalpoverty.org ahead of hardcopy publication, along with related study and teaching resources.

Find out more about the book.

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Applications invited for OPHI’s annual summer school

OPHI is inviting applications for its annual Summer School on Multidimensional Poverty Analysis, which this year will be hosted at Georgetown University in Washington, DC, USA.

The course will take place from 3-15 August 2015. The purpose of this intensive summer school is to provide a thorough conceptual and technical introduction to some techniques of measuring multidimensional poverty, with a strong emphasis on the Alkire Foster method.

Deadlines

Applicants are warmly invited to apply by completing the online form. The closing date for applications is 23 March 2015, and participants will be informed of selection from 8 April. For applicants requiring financial assistance, the deadline is 16 March. Places for the Summer School are limited and competition is strong.

Further information

More details on the 2015 Summer School and the application process can be found here. You can see readings, presentations, exercises and other materials from last year’s Summer School here.

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Read online: Chapter eight of OPHI book on Multidimensional Poverty Measurement & Analysis available now

The eighth chapter of OPHI’s forthcoming book, ‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis’, is now available to download as a working paper.

The book provides an in-depth account of multidimensional poverty comparison methodologies, with a particular focus on the Alkire Foster method. It is aimed at graduate students in quantitative social sciences, researchers of poverty measurement, and technical staff in governments and international agencies.

Chapter eight of the book shows how to apply dominance and rank robustness tests to assess poverty comparisons as poverty cutoffs and other parameters changes. It presents ingredients of statistical inference, including standard errors, confidence intervals, and hypothesis tests. It also discusses how robustness and statistical inference tools can be used together to assert concrete policy conclusions. An appendix presents methods for computing standard errors, including the bootstrapped standard errors.

‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement & Analysis’, by Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José  Manuel Roche and Paola Ballon, will be published in hardcopy in June 2015 and can be pre-ordered from Oxford University Press.

Read chapter eight

Chapter eight is available to download as OPHI working paper number 89: Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 8 – Robustness Analysis and Statistical Inference. It will also be published electronically on the book website, multidimensionalpoverty.org, in early 2015.

Further information

Chapter one of the book has been published online and is also available to download as an OPHI working paper.

Chapters two – seven are available to download as OPHI working papers and will be published electronically in early 2015.

Electronic versions of all chapters will be made available on multidimensionalpoverty.org ahead of hardcopy publication, along with related study and teaching resources.

Find out more about the book.

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UNGA adopts resolution underlining the significance of multidimensional poverty measurement

In a resolution adopted in December 2014, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) highlighted the need to reflect the multidimensional nature of poverty.

The 69th session of the UNGA adopted  a resolution on the 19 December 2014 on Operational activities for development of the United Nations system. The resolution underlined ‘the need to better reflect the multidimensional nature of development and poverty, as well as the importance of developing a common understanding among Member States and other stakeholders of that multidimensionality and reflecting it in the context of the post-2015 development agenda’. It invites Member States to consider developing complementary measurements, including methodologies and indicators for measuring human development, that better reflect the multidimensionality.

The resolution reinforces the proposal of OPHI and the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) that the post-2015 development goals should include an integrated multidimensional poverty measure to draw attention to the bundles of deprivations poor people describe – and live. The recommended measure is a headline indicator of multidimensional poverty – the MPI2015+ (also known as the MPI 2.0), which would complement the $1.25 a day income poverty measure.

Further information

Read the UNGA resolution in full.

Find out about OPHI’s work on multidimensional poverty in the post-2015 process.

Read more on the UNGA website.

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Now available: Chapter seven of OPHI’s book on multidimensional poverty measurement and analysis

The seventh chapter of OPHI’s forthcoming book, ‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis’, is now available to download as a working paper.

The book provides an in-depth account of multidimensional poverty comparison methodologies, with a particular focus on the Alkire Foster method. It is aimed at graduate students in quantitative social sciences, researchers of poverty measurement, and technical staff in governments and international agencies.

Chapter seven of the book introduces empirical issues that are distinctive to counting-based multidimensional poverty methodologies. The chapter covers the different types of data sources used for multidimensional measures: censuses, administrative records, and household surveys – as well as outstanding data needs. It also discusses distinctive issues to be considered when constructing the indicators to include in a multidimensional poverty measure. Finally the chapter presents some basic descriptive analytical tools that can prove helpful in exploring the relationships between different indicators, detecting redundancy, and informing measure design and analysis.

‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement & Analysis’, by Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José  Manuel Roche and Paola Ballon, will be published in hardcopy in June 2015 and can be pre-ordered from Oxford University Press.

Read chapter seven

Chapter seven is available to download as OPHI working paper number 88: Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis: Chapter 7 – Data and Analysis. It will also be published electronically on the book website, multidimensionalpoverty.org, in early 2015.

Further information

Chapter one of the book has been published online and is also available to download as an OPHI working paper.

Chapters two – six are available to download as OPHI working papers and will be published electronically in early 2015.

Electronic versions of all chapters will be made available on multidimensionalpoverty.org ahead of hardcopy publication, along with related study and teaching resources.

Find out more about the book.

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